Next Article in Journal
Patterns of Tobacco Smoking and Nicotine Vaping among University Students in the United Arab Emirates: A Cross-Sectional Study
Previous Article in Journal
Sedentary Lifestyle Matters as Past Sedentariness, Not Current Sedentariness, Predicts Cognitive Inhibition Performance among College Students: An Exploratory Study
Article

Viewing Natural vs. Urban Images and Emotional Facial Expressions: An Exploratory Study

Faculty of Informatics and Management, University of Hradec Králové, Rokitanského 62, 500 03 Hradec Králové, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(14), 7651; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147651
Received: 5 June 2021 / Revised: 14 July 2021 / Accepted: 16 July 2021 / Published: 19 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Mental Health)
There is a large body of evidence that exposure to simulated natural scenes has positive effects on emotions and reduces stress. Some studies have used self-reported assessments, and others have used physiological measures or combined self-reports with physiological measures; however, analysis of facial emotional expression has rarely been assessed. In the present study, participant facial expressions were analyzed while viewing forest trees with foliage, forest trees without foliage, and urban images by iMotions’ AFFDEX software designed for the recognition of facial emotions. It was assumed that natural images would evoke a higher magnitude of positive emotions in facial expressions and a lower magnitude of negative emotions than urban images. However, the results showed only very low magnitudes of facial emotional responses, and differences between natural and urban images were not significant. While the stimuli used in the present study represented an ordinary deciduous forest and urban streets, differences between the effects of mundane and attractive natural scenes and urban images are discussed. It is suggested that more attractive images could result in more pronounced emotional facial expressions. The findings of the present study have methodological relevance for future research. Moreover, not all urban dwellers have the possibility to spend time in nature; therefore, knowing more about the effects of some forms of simulated natural scenes surrogate nature also has some practical relevance. View Full-Text
Keywords: face reading technique; facial emotional expressions; natural environment; positive emotions face reading technique; facial emotional expressions; natural environment; positive emotions
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Franěk, M.; Petružálek, J. Viewing Natural vs. Urban Images and Emotional Facial Expressions: An Exploratory Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7651. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147651

AMA Style

Franěk M, Petružálek J. Viewing Natural vs. Urban Images and Emotional Facial Expressions: An Exploratory Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(14):7651. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147651

Chicago/Turabian Style

Franěk, Marek, and Jan Petružálek. 2021. "Viewing Natural vs. Urban Images and Emotional Facial Expressions: An Exploratory Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 14: 7651. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147651

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop