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Article

Mortality and Years of Potential Life Lost Due to COVID-19 in Brazil

1
Department of Strategic Articulation of Health Surveillance, Secretariat of Health Surveillance, Ministry of Health, Brasília 70719-040, Brazil
2
Faculty of Economics, Administration, Accounting and Information Science, University of Brasilia, Brasília 70910-900, Brazil
3
Institute of Regional Development, Graduate Program of Computational Modelling, Federal University of Tocantins, Palmas 77001-090, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Zahid Ahmad Butt
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(14), 7626; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147626
Received: 1 June 2021 / Revised: 8 July 2021 / Accepted: 10 July 2021 / Published: 18 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Infectious Disease Epidemiology)
In November 2020, Brazil ranked third in the number of cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and second in the number of deaths due to the disease. We carried out a descriptive study of deaths, mortality rate, years of potential life lost (YPLL) and excess mortality due to COVID-19, based on SARS-CoV-2 records in SIVEP-Gripe (Ministry of Health of Brazil) from 16 February 2020, to 1 January 2021. In this period, there were 98,025 deaths from COVID-19 in Brazil. Men accounted for 60.5% of the estimated 1.2 million YPLLs. High YPLL averages showed prematurity of deaths. The population aged 45–64 years (both sexes) represented more than 50% of all YPLLs. Risk factors were present in 69.5% of deaths, with heart disease, diabetes and obesity representing the most prevalent comorbidities in both sexes. Indigenous people had the lowest number of deaths and the highest average YPLL. However, in indigenous people, pregnant women and mothers had an average YPLL of over 35 years. The excess mortality for Brazil was estimated at 122,914 deaths (9.2%). The results show that the social impacts of YPLL due to COVID-19 are different depending on gender, race and risk factors. YPLL and excess mortality can be used to guide the prioritization of health interventions, such as prioritization of vaccination, lockdowns, or distribution of facial masks for the most vulnerable populations. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; years of potential life lost; excess mortality COVID-19; years of potential life lost; excess mortality
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MDPI and ACS Style

Castro, A.P.B.d.; Moreira, M.F.; Bermejo, P.H.d.S.; Rodrigues, W.; Prata, D.N. Mortality and Years of Potential Life Lost Due to COVID-19 in Brazil. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7626. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147626

AMA Style

Castro APBd, Moreira MF, Bermejo PHdS, Rodrigues W, Prata DN. Mortality and Years of Potential Life Lost Due to COVID-19 in Brazil. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(14):7626. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147626

Chicago/Turabian Style

Castro, André P.B.d., Marina F. Moreira, Paulo H.d.S. Bermejo, Waldecy Rodrigues, and David N. Prata 2021. "Mortality and Years of Potential Life Lost Due to COVID-19 in Brazil" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 14: 7626. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147626

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