Next Article in Journal
Effects of 1 Year of Lifestyle Intervention on Institutionalized Older Adults
Previous Article in Journal
Making Biodegradable Seedling Pots from Textile and Paper Waste—Part B: Development and Evaluation of Seedling Pots
Article

Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Sleep Quality, Stress Level and Health-Related Quality of Life—A Large Prospective Cohort Study on Adult Danes

1
Department of Clinical Immunology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
2
Institute of Biological Psychiatry, Mental Health Centre Sct. Hans, Mental Health Services, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
3
Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
4
The Lundbeck Foundation Initiative for Integrative Psychiatric Research, iPSYCH, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
5
Department of Clinical Immunology, Aalborg University Hospital, 9100 Aalborg, Denmark
6
Department of Clinical Immunology, Odense University Hospital, 5000 Odense, Denmark
7
Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Protein Research, University of Copenhagen, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
8
Danish Headache Center, Glostrup Research Institute, Department of Neurology, Copenhagen University Hospital Rigshospitalet-Glostrup, 2600 Glostrup, Denmark
9
Department of Clinical Immunology, Aarhus University Hospital, 8200 Aarhus, Denmark
10
Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Danish Center for Sleep Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, 2600 Glostrup, Denmark
11
Faculty of Health, University of Copenhagen, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
12
Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, 2300 Copenhagen, Denmark
13
Department of Hematology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
14
Department of Clinical Immunology, Zealand University Hospital, 4600 Køge, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(14), 7610; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147610
Received: 22 June 2021 / Revised: 9 July 2021 / Accepted: 15 July 2021 / Published: 17 July 2021
The everyday lives of Danish inhabitants have been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, e.g., by social distancing, which was employed by the government in March 2020 to prevent the spread of SARS-CoV-2. Moreover, the pandemic has entailed economic consequences for many people. This study aims to assess changes in physical and mental health-related quality of life (MCS, PCS), in stress levels, and quality of sleep during the COVID-19 pandemic and to identify factors that impact such changes, using a prospective national cohort study including 26,453 participants from the Danish Blood Donor Study who answered a health questionnaire before the pandemic and during the pandemic. Descriptive statistics, multivariable linear and multinomial logistic regression analyses were applied. A worsening of MCS and quality of sleep was found, and an overall decrease in stress levels was observed. PCS was decreased in men and slightly increased in women. The extent of health changes was mainly affected by changes in job situation, type of job, previous use of anti-depressive medication and the participants’ level of personal stamina. Thus, living under the unusual circumstances that persisted during the COVID-19 pandemic has had a negative impact on the health of the general population. This may, in time, constitute a public health problem. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; pandemic; epidemiology; public health; mental health; sleep COVID-19; pandemic; epidemiology; public health; mental health; sleep
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Didriksen, M.; Werge, T.; Nissen, J.; Schwinn, M.; Sørensen, E.; Nielsen, K.R.; Bruun, M.T.; Banasik, K.; Hansen, T.F.; Erikstrup, C.; Ostrowski, S.R.; Jennum, P.J.; Hjalgrim, H.; Ullum, H.; Pedersen, O.B. Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Sleep Quality, Stress Level and Health-Related Quality of Life—A Large Prospective Cohort Study on Adult Danes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7610. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147610

AMA Style

Didriksen M, Werge T, Nissen J, Schwinn M, Sørensen E, Nielsen KR, Bruun MT, Banasik K, Hansen TF, Erikstrup C, Ostrowski SR, Jennum PJ, Hjalgrim H, Ullum H, Pedersen OB. Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Sleep Quality, Stress Level and Health-Related Quality of Life—A Large Prospective Cohort Study on Adult Danes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(14):7610. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147610

Chicago/Turabian Style

Didriksen, Maria, Thomas Werge, Janna Nissen, Michael Schwinn, Erik Sørensen, Kaspar R. Nielsen, Mie T. Bruun, Karina Banasik, Thomas F. Hansen, Christian Erikstrup, Sisse R. Ostrowski, Poul J. Jennum, Henrik Hjalgrim, Henrik Ullum, and Ole B. Pedersen 2021. "Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Sleep Quality, Stress Level and Health-Related Quality of Life—A Large Prospective Cohort Study on Adult Danes" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 14: 7610. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147610

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop