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Article

Relationship between Built Environment and COVID-19 Dispersal Based on Age Stratification: A Case Study of Wuhan

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School of Urban Design, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
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School of Urban Construction, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430072, China
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School of Foreign Languages and Cultures, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marco Helbich
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(14), 7563; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147563
Received: 20 May 2021 / Revised: 12 July 2021 / Accepted: 12 July 2021 / Published: 16 July 2021
The outbreak of COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) has become the focus of attention in the field of urban geography. Built environment, such as the layout of public spaces like transportation hubs and urban open spaces, is an important factor affecting the spread of the epidemic. However, due to the different behavior patterns of different age groups, the intensity and frequency of their use of various built environment spaces may vary. Based on this, we selected patients that were infected, with a non-manipulated time period, and the classification of human behavior patterns; we then conducted a regression analysis study on the spatial distribution and building environment of these COVID-19 patients. The results showed that the spatial distribution of young and middle-aged patients (18–59 years old) was more homogeneous, while the spatial distribution of elderly patients (60 years old and above) had a strong clustering characteristic. Moreover, the significant built environment factors exhibited in the two populations were extremely different. More diverse urban facilities and public spaces exhibited influential properties for older patients, while middle-aged and young adults were more influenced by commuting facilities. It can be said that the built environment shows different influences and mechanisms on the transmission of respiratory infectious diseases in different populations. Therefore, the results of this paper can inform decision makers who expect to reduce the occurrence of urban respiratory infectious diseases by improving the urban built environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; built environment; young and middle-aged; elderly; Wuhan COVID-19; built environment; young and middle-aged; elderly; Wuhan
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MDPI and ACS Style

Niu, Q.; Wu, W.; Shen, J.; Huang, J.; Zhou, Q. Relationship between Built Environment and COVID-19 Dispersal Based on Age Stratification: A Case Study of Wuhan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7563. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147563

AMA Style

Niu Q, Wu W, Shen J, Huang J, Zhou Q. Relationship between Built Environment and COVID-19 Dispersal Based on Age Stratification: A Case Study of Wuhan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(14):7563. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147563

Chicago/Turabian Style

Niu, Qiang, Wanxian Wu, Jie Shen, Jiaxin Huang, and Qiling Zhou. 2021. "Relationship between Built Environment and COVID-19 Dispersal Based on Age Stratification: A Case Study of Wuhan" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 14: 7563. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147563

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