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Article

Is Brief Exposure to Green Space in School the Best Option to Improve Attention in Children?

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Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Barrio Sarriena s/n, 48490 Leioa, Spain
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Biodonostia, Environmental Epidemiology and Child Development Group, Paseo Doctor Begiristain s/n, 20014 Donostia-San Sebastian, Spain
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Consortium for Biomedical Research in Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Av. Monforte de Lemos, 3–5. Pabellón 11. Planta 0, 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Faculty of Psychology, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Av. Tolosa 70, 20018 Donostia-San Sebastian, Spain
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Ministry of Health of the Basque Government, SubDirectorate for Public Health and Addictions of Gipuzkoa, Av. Navarra 4, 20013 Donostia-San Sebastián, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Riikka Puhakka
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(14), 7484; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147484
Received: 31 May 2021 / Revised: 9 July 2021 / Accepted: 12 July 2021 / Published: 13 July 2021
The positive effects of Green Spaces on health are thought to be achieved through the mechanisms of mitigation, instoration and restoration. One of the benefits of Green Spaces may be the restoration of attention and so the objective of this research is testing empirically whether exposure to a green environment improves attention in school children. For so doing, we first used a split-unit statistical design in each of four schools, then combined the primary results via meta-analysis. The Attention Network Test (ANT) was used to measure attention before and after exposure and a total of 167 seven-year-old students participated in the experiments. Overall, our experimental results do not support the hypothesis that students’ exposure to activities in green vs. grey spaces affected their performance in ANT. This was so despite the fact that neither age nor gender biases have been detected and despite that our experiments have been proved to be sufficiently statistically powerful. It would be advisable to consider air pollution and noise. We also recommend that participants attend the experiment with mental exhaustion to maximize the ability to detect significant changes. View Full-Text
Keywords: attention network test; natural spaces; mental health; ReML attention network test; natural spaces; mental health; ReML
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MDPI and ACS Style

Anabitarte, A.; García-Baquero, G.; Andiarena, A.; Lertxundi, N.; Urbieta, N.; Babarro, I.; Ibarluzea, J.; Lertxundi, A. Is Brief Exposure to Green Space in School the Best Option to Improve Attention in Children? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7484. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147484

AMA Style

Anabitarte A, García-Baquero G, Andiarena A, Lertxundi N, Urbieta N, Babarro I, Ibarluzea J, Lertxundi A. Is Brief Exposure to Green Space in School the Best Option to Improve Attention in Children? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(14):7484. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147484

Chicago/Turabian Style

Anabitarte, Asier, Gonzalo García-Baquero, Ainara Andiarena, Nerea Lertxundi, Nerea Urbieta, Izaro Babarro, Jesús Ibarluzea, and Aitana Lertxundi. 2021. "Is Brief Exposure to Green Space in School the Best Option to Improve Attention in Children?" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 14: 7484. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147484

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