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Reciprocal Relationships between Sleep Problems and Problematic Smartphone Use in Taiwan: Cross-Lagged Panel Study

by 1 and 2,*
1
Department of Social Work, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong, China
2
Department of Health Promotion and Health Education, School of Education, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei 106, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Dylan P. Cliff and Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(14), 7438; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147438
Received: 21 May 2021 / Revised: 25 June 2021 / Accepted: 10 July 2021 / Published: 12 July 2021
Prior studies have suggested a link between sleep problems and problematic smartphone use. However, the causal relationships between these two variables have not been identified, particularly in adolescence. Utilizing longitudinal panel data from Taiwan, this report examined the temporal relationships between sleep problems and problematic smartphone use among adolescents. One thousand and thirty-nine students (Grades 7–12) were surveyed at two-time points with a 6-month interval. The results of cross-lagged panel analysis showed that sleep problems at Time 1 significantly predicted problematic smartphone use at Time 2. Problematic smartphone use at Time 1 also significantly predicted sleep problems at Time 2. These findings applied to boys and girls and suggested that temporal relationships between sleep problems and problematic smartphone use among teenagers are reciprocal. Accordingly, increasing sleep quality may prevent future problematic smartphone use, while reducing problematic smartphone use may prevent sleep problems in adolescents. View Full-Text
Keywords: problematic smartphone use; sleep problems; adolescents; cross-lagged panel analysis problematic smartphone use; sleep problems; adolescents; cross-lagged panel analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, J.-K.; Wu, W.-C. Reciprocal Relationships between Sleep Problems and Problematic Smartphone Use in Taiwan: Cross-Lagged Panel Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7438. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147438

AMA Style

Chen J-K, Wu W-C. Reciprocal Relationships between Sleep Problems and Problematic Smartphone Use in Taiwan: Cross-Lagged Panel Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(14):7438. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147438

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chen, Ji-Kang, and Wen-Chi Wu. 2021. "Reciprocal Relationships between Sleep Problems and Problematic Smartphone Use in Taiwan: Cross-Lagged Panel Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 14: 7438. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147438

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