- What mental health conditions and substance use risk factors are related to the COVID-19 pandemic among populations with chronic physical health conditions who are at risk of contracting COVID-19 and having severe symptoms?
- What are effective health promotion, primary prevention, screening, and treatment interventions to enhance mental health outcomes and to reduce risk of substance use for populations with chronic physical health conditions who are at risk of contracting COVID-19 and having severe symptoms?
2. Materials and Methods
2.1. Search Strategy
2.2. Inclusion/Exclusion Criteria and Search Dates
2.3. Screening, Data Extraction, and Quality Assessment
3.1. Results Relevant to Scoping Review Question 1
3.1.1. Mental Health Conditions
Individuals with Cancer
Individuals with Diabetes
Individuals with Epilepsy
Individuals with Obesity
Individuals with Parkinson’s Disease
Individuals with Respiratory Conditions
3.1.2. Substance Use
Individuals with Risk Factors for Substance Use
3.2. Results Relevant to Scoping Review Question 2
3.2.1. Individuals with Various Physical Health Conditions
3.2.2. Health Promotion and Primary to Tertiary Prevention
Individuals Living with Cancer
- accept that distress is a normal response to cancer and the COVID-19 epidemic;
- trust the doctor and build a harmonious doctor-patient relationship;
- maintain a stable life routine; be positive and optimistic;
- communicate with relatives and friends; do not conceal your health status;
- arrange appropriate recreational activities every day and perform aerobic exercises when your physical condition allows. Recommended activities include yoga and traditional Chinese-based aerobic activities such as Tai Chi and Baduan Jin to balance qi (circulating life force);
- establish a healthy sleep cycle and avoid using a mobile phone in bed;
- when self-regulation cannot relieve anxiety, depression, and other emotions, seek professional help from a psychiatrist or psychologist.
Individuals Living with Other Chronic Health Conditions
- strengthen health education related to COVID-19 through the WeChat online platform;
- increase information transparency to reduce anxiety, especially to correct misunderstandings about the pandemic from unreliable sources;
- strengthen the support offered by the doctor and family members. By receiving external support, patients may be better able to face the challenges of the pandemic;
- provide nutrition guidance. Proteins are especially crucial, as the process of dialysis leads to a loss of proteins;
- guide individuals to use the professional mental health channel, as established by the hospital through the WeChat online platform.
Individuals Living with Complications from COVID-19
Individuals Living with Dementia
Equity-Seeking Individuals with Pre-Existing Physical Health Conditions
Individuals Living with Substance Use
4.1. Factors Contributing to Mental Health and Well-Being
4.2. Mental Health Promotion and Policy
4.3. Health Education and Literacy
4.4. Health and Social Care Delivery
- registries of people with complex needs to track preventative care, disease/illness management, and referrals to secondary and tertiary care services;
- health care system navigation supports and shared decision-making approaches;
- competencies among practitioners to deliver high-quality health care to people with mental health problems;
- training practitioners in the recovery model, including stigma, discrimination, and trauma-informed care;
- evidence-based mental health screening guidelines with accompanying management pathways.
4.5. Mental Health Screening and Assessment
4.6. Psychological, Lifestyle, and Peer Approaches
4.7. Strengths and Limitations of the Scoping Review
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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