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Article

The Effects of the Pilates Method on Pelvic Floor Injuries during Pregnancy and Childbirth: A Quasi-Experimental Study

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Departamento de Enfermería, Universidad de Huelva, 21071 Huelva, Spain
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Centro de Investigación en Pensamiento Contemporáneo e Innovación para el Desarrollo Social (COIDESO), Universidad de Huelva, 21071 Huelva, Spain
3
Grupo Asociado de Investigación Estilos de Vida, Innovación y Salud, Instituto Maimónides de Investigación Biomédica de Córdoba (IMIBIC), 14004 Córdoba, Spain
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Departamento de Enfermería, Farmacología y Fisioterapia, Facultad de Medicina y Enfermería, Universidad de Córdoba, 14041 Córdoba, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Anna Polak, Bogdan Bacik, Agnieszka Nawrat-Szoltysik and Maria Grazia Porpora
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(13), 6995; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136995
Received: 14 May 2021 / Revised: 10 June 2021 / Accepted: 24 June 2021 / Published: 30 June 2021
The perineal injuries suffered during childbirth have a great impact on the quality of life of the female population. Evidence suggests that the Pilates method is used by pregnant women to improve the physical and psychological outcomes of pregnancy. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the Pilates Method during pregnancy on the incidence and degree of intrapartum perineal trauma. A quasi-experimental study was carried out between November 2018 and December 2019 at different health centers in two health districts. Participants were 72 pregnant women attending the antenatal program, who were assigned to a Pilates group or a control group (48 and 24 pregnant women, respectively). The main outcome measurement was perineal trauma during childbirth. After participating in the Pilates program, the women in the experimental group were significantly less likely to suffer perineal trauma in spontaneous deliveries compared to the women in the control group. After evaluating these results, it is concluded that health center managers should promote the training of midwives in the prevention and treatment of pelvic floor injuries during pregnancy and should consider strategies to enhance adhesion and participation with respect to pelvic floor exercise programs throughout pregnancy by means of Apps and other digital media specifically aimed at this phase. View Full-Text
Keywords: nursing; midwifery; nurse; Pilates method; pelvic floor; injuries; episiotomy nursing; midwifery; nurse; Pilates method; pelvic floor; injuries; episiotomy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Feria-Ramírez, C.; Gonzalez-Sanz, J.D.; Molina-Luque, R.; Molina-Recio, G. The Effects of the Pilates Method on Pelvic Floor Injuries during Pregnancy and Childbirth: A Quasi-Experimental Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6995. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136995

AMA Style

Feria-Ramírez C, Gonzalez-Sanz JD, Molina-Luque R, Molina-Recio G. The Effects of the Pilates Method on Pelvic Floor Injuries during Pregnancy and Childbirth: A Quasi-Experimental Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(13):6995. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136995

Chicago/Turabian Style

Feria-Ramírez, Carmen, Juan D. Gonzalez-Sanz, Rafael Molina-Luque, and Guillermo Molina-Recio. 2021. "The Effects of the Pilates Method on Pelvic Floor Injuries during Pregnancy and Childbirth: A Quasi-Experimental Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 13: 6995. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136995

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