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Article

The Influence of Women’s Empowerment on Poverty Reduction in the Rural Areas of Bangladesh: Focus on Health, Education and Living Standard

1
School of Economics and Finance, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
2
Department of Food and Nutrition, Calisia University, 62-800 Kalisz, Poland
3
Department of Agroforestry & Environmental Science, Sylhet Agricultural University, Sylhet 3100, Bangladesh
4
Department of Agribusiness, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur 1706, Bangladesh
5
College of Economics and Management, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
6
Department of Agribusiness and Marketing, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh
7
Economic Development and Value Chain Specialist, World Vision Bangladesh, BleNGS Project, Jamalpur 2000, Bangladesh
8
College of Economics and Management, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors have contributed equally to this work and are joint co-first authors.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(13), 6909; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136909
Received: 19 May 2021 / Revised: 22 June 2021 / Accepted: 24 June 2021 / Published: 27 June 2021
Women’s empowerment has a great influence on health, nutrition, education, and the overall well-being of societies as well as of the children and households. This study investigates the effect of women’s empowerment on poverty reduction and focuses on household deprivation, in terms of education, health, and standard of living. Primary data was collected from 914 married women from rural areas of Bangladesh using a well-structured questionnaire and a random sampling technique. Descriptive statistics, logistic regression, and ordinary least squares models were used in this study. The results indicate that increased women’s access to education, asset ownership, decision-making power on children’s health and education, and access to medical facilities, have caused a significant decline in income poverty and multidimensional poverty. However, gender violence, taking resources against women’s will, and preventing women from working outside, have caused a considerable decline in per capita income and an increase in income poverty and multidimensional poverty. Overall, it is found that women’s empowerment has a great impact on the reduction of income poverty and multidimensional poverty in society. The findings of the study can assist and guide policymakers to initiate appropriate strategies for women’s empowerment to reducing poverty in Bangladesh while making progress towards other social and developmental goals. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bangladesh; gender violence; multidimensional poverty; poverty reduction; women’s empowerment Bangladesh; gender violence; multidimensional poverty; poverty reduction; women’s empowerment
MDPI and ACS Style

Wei, W.; Sarker, T.; Żukiewicz-Sobczak, W.; Roy, R.; Alam, G.M.M.; Rabbany, M.G.; Hossain, M.S.; Aziz, N. The Influence of Women’s Empowerment on Poverty Reduction in the Rural Areas of Bangladesh: Focus on Health, Education and Living Standard. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6909. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136909

AMA Style

Wei W, Sarker T, Żukiewicz-Sobczak W, Roy R, Alam GMM, Rabbany MG, Hossain MS, Aziz N. The Influence of Women’s Empowerment on Poverty Reduction in the Rural Areas of Bangladesh: Focus on Health, Education and Living Standard. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(13):6909. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136909

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wei, Wei, Tanwne Sarker, Wioletta Żukiewicz-Sobczak, Rana Roy, G. M. Monirul Alam, Md. Ghulam Rabbany, Mohammad Shakhawat Hossain, and Noshaba Aziz. 2021. "The Influence of Women’s Empowerment on Poverty Reduction in the Rural Areas of Bangladesh: Focus on Health, Education and Living Standard" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 13: 6909. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136909

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