Next Article in Journal
Future Incidence of Malignant Mesothelioma in South Korea: Updated Projection to 2038
Previous Article in Journal
Psychological Stress among Students in Health-Related Fields during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Results of a Cross-Sectional Study at Selected Munich Universities
Article

Descriptive Epidemiology of Rescue-Related Fatal Drowning in Turkey

1
Department of Coaching Education, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Akdeniz University, Antalya 07070, Turkey
2
Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Akdeniz University, Antalya 07070, Turkey
3
School of Population Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6613; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126613
Received: 23 May 2021 / Revised: 16 June 2021 / Accepted: 16 June 2021 / Published: 19 June 2021
Drowning is a public-health threat and a leading cause of injury-related death. In Turkey, drowning results in 900 fatalities annually, and the rate is rising. As data on rescue-related drowning are scarce, this retrospective study explores the epidemiology of fatal drowning among rescuers in Turkey. As there are no routinely collected death registry data on drowning in Turkey, data were sourced from media reports of incidents between 2015 and 2019. Rescuer fatalities were analysed by age, sex, activity prior to rescue, location, incident day of week and season, and place of death. Statistical analyses comprised X2 tests of significance (p < 0.05) and calculation of relative risk (95% confidence interval) using fatality rates. In total, 237 bystander rescuers drowned (90% male; 35% 15–24 years). In 33% of cases, the primary drowning victim (PDV) was successfully rescued, while in 46% of cases the rescue resulted in multiple drowning fatalities (mean = 2.29; range 1–5 rescuers). Rescues were more likely to be successful in saving the PDV if undertaken at the beach/sea (X2 = 29.147; p < 0.001), while swimming (X2 = 12.504; p = 0.001), or during summer (X2 = 8.223; p = 0.029). Risk of bystander rescue-related fatal drowning was twice as high on weekdays compared to on weekends (RR = 2.04; 95%CI: 1.56–2.67). While bystanders play an important role in reducing drowning, undertaking a rescue is not without risk and can lead to multiple drowning incidents. Training in rescue and resuscitation skills (especially the prioritization of non-contact rescues) coupled with increasing awareness of drowning risk, are risk-reduction strategies which should be explored in Turkey. View Full-Text
Keywords: drowning; rescue; multiple drowning incident; prevention; injury; risk; epidemiology drowning; rescue; multiple drowning incident; prevention; injury; risk; epidemiology
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Işın, A.; Turgut, A.; Peden, A.E. Descriptive Epidemiology of Rescue-Related Fatal Drowning in Turkey. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6613. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126613

AMA Style

Işın A, Turgut A, Peden AE. Descriptive Epidemiology of Rescue-Related Fatal Drowning in Turkey. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(12):6613. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126613

Chicago/Turabian Style

Işın, Ali, Adnan Turgut, and Amy E. Peden 2021. "Descriptive Epidemiology of Rescue-Related Fatal Drowning in Turkey" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 12: 6613. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126613

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop