Next Article in Journal
Potential Improvement in Rehabilitation Quality of 2019 Novel Coronavirus by Isometric Training System; Is There “Muscle-Lung Cross-Talk”?
Previous Article in Journal
A Descriptive Analysis of Transitions from Smoking to Electronic Nicotine Delivery System (ENDS) Use: A Daily Diary Investigation
Previous Article in Special Issue
Effect of a Simulated Heat Wave on Physiological Strain and Labour Productivity
Article

Occupational Heat Stress: Multi-Country Observations and Interventions

1
FAME Laboratory, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Thessaly, 42100 Trikala, Greece
2
Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, August Krogh Building, University of Copenhagen, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
3
SIMTECH Laboratory, Transport Phenomena Research Centre, Engineering Faculty of Porto University, 4200-465 Porto, Portugal
4
Thermal Environment Laboratory, Division of Ergonomics and Aerosol Technology, Department of Design Sciences, Faculty of Engineering, Lund University, 22100 Lund, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: June T. Spector
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6303; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126303
Received: 11 April 2021 / Revised: 25 May 2021 / Accepted: 7 June 2021 / Published: 10 June 2021
Background: Occupational heat exposure can provoke health problems that increase the risk of certain diseases and affect workers’ ability to maintain healthy and productive lives. This study investigates the effects of occupational heat stress on workers’ physiological strain and labor productivity, as well as examining multiple interventions to mitigate the problem. Methods: We monitored 518 full work-shifts obtained from 238 experienced and acclimatized individuals who work in key industrial sectors located in Cyprus, Greece, Qatar, and Spain. Continuous core body temperature, mean skin temperature, heart rate, and labor productivity were collected from the beginning to the end of all work-shifts. Results: In workplaces where self-pacing is not feasible or very limited, we found that occupational heat stress is associated with the heat strain experienced by workers. Strategies focusing on hydration, work-rest cycles, and ventilated clothing were able to mitigate the physiological heat strain experienced by workers. Increasing mechanization enhanced labor productivity without increasing workers’ physiological strain. Conclusions: Empowering laborers to self-pace is the basis of heat mitigation, while tailored strategies focusing on hydration, work-rest cycles, ventilated garments, and mechanization can further reduce the physiological heat strain experienced by workers under certain conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: heat stress; work; mitigation; labor productivity; physiological strain; hydration; breaks; ventilated garments; mechanization; ice slurry heat stress; work; mitigation; labor productivity; physiological strain; hydration; breaks; ventilated garments; mechanization; ice slurry
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Ioannou, L.G.; Mantzios, K.; Tsoutsoubi, L.; Nintou, E.; Vliora, M.; Gkiata, P.; Dallas, C.N.; Gkikas, G.; Agaliotis, G.; Sfakianakis, K.; Kapnia, A.K.; Testa, D.J.; Amorim, T.; Dinas, P.C.; Mayor, T.S.; Gao, C.; Nybo, L.; Flouris, A.D. Occupational Heat Stress: Multi-Country Observations and Interventions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6303. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126303

AMA Style

Ioannou LG, Mantzios K, Tsoutsoubi L, Nintou E, Vliora M, Gkiata P, Dallas CN, Gkikas G, Agaliotis G, Sfakianakis K, Kapnia AK, Testa DJ, Amorim T, Dinas PC, Mayor TS, Gao C, Nybo L, Flouris AD. Occupational Heat Stress: Multi-Country Observations and Interventions. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(12):6303. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126303

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ioannou, Leonidas G.; Mantzios, Konstantinos; Tsoutsoubi, Lydia; Nintou, Eleni; Vliora, Maria; Gkiata, Paraskevi; Dallas, Constantinos N.; Gkikas, Giorgos; Agaliotis, Gerasimos; Sfakianakis, Kostas; Kapnia, Areti K.; Testa, Davide J.; Amorim, Tânia; Dinas, Petros C.; Mayor, Tiago S.; Gao, Chuansi; Nybo, Lars; Flouris, Andreas D. 2021. "Occupational Heat Stress: Multi-Country Observations and Interventions" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 12: 6303. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126303

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop