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Article

Factors Related to Breastfeeding Support in Lebanese Daycare Centers: A Qualitative Study among Daycare Directors and Employees

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Department of Health Promotion, NUTRIM School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Centre, P.O. Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
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Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, Notre Dame University, P.O. Box 72, Zouk Mikael, Lebanon
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Larsson-Rosenquist Foundation Mother-Milk-Infant Center of Research Excellence, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92161, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6205; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126205
Received: 13 May 2021 / Revised: 2 June 2021 / Accepted: 2 June 2021 / Published: 8 June 2021
Breastfeeding has an important impact on maternal and child health, and is affected by several factors influencing its initiation and continuation. This qualitative study aimed to assess the main promoting and hindering factors for breastfeeding support in Lebanese daycare centers (DCCs), through the perspective of their directors and employees. The study was based on semi-structured interviews with 13 directors and 9 employees. It explored the influence of various cognitive factors as well as different environment types (physical, economic, political, and sociocultural) on their breastfeeding support. Findings suggested the directors and employees valued improving breastfeeding support in DCCs and the physical set-up of the DCCs allowed for this. However, various other factors restricted their abilities to support breastfeeding in the DCC, including limited knowledge and training on the topic, absence of written internal policies on breastfeeding, lack of enforcement in the application of national policies, and the current mothers’ work policies that negatively influenced the decision to breastfeed. Improvements could be achieved through integrated interventions, targeting the interaction of internal DCCs factors and national and DCCs breastfeeding policies, as well as several social factors, to create a multilevel approach targeting breastfeeding continuation support in breastfeeding-friendly DCCs in Lebanon and the region. View Full-Text
Keywords: breastfeeding; daycare; supporting factors; barriers; cognitive determinants; environment; qualitative; Lebanon; policy breastfeeding; daycare; supporting factors; barriers; cognitive determinants; environment; qualitative; Lebanon; policy
MDPI and ACS Style

Abou Jaoude, M.; Moukarzel, S.; Kremers, S.P.J.; Gubbels, J.S. Factors Related to Breastfeeding Support in Lebanese Daycare Centers: A Qualitative Study among Daycare Directors and Employees. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6205. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126205

AMA Style

Abou Jaoude M, Moukarzel S, Kremers SPJ, Gubbels JS. Factors Related to Breastfeeding Support in Lebanese Daycare Centers: A Qualitative Study among Daycare Directors and Employees. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(12):6205. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126205

Chicago/Turabian Style

Abou Jaoude, Maya, Sara Moukarzel, Stef P.J. Kremers, and Jessica S. Gubbels 2021. "Factors Related to Breastfeeding Support in Lebanese Daycare Centers: A Qualitative Study among Daycare Directors and Employees" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 12: 6205. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126205

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