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Review

Intimate Partner Violence during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Review of the Phenomenon from Victims’ and Help Professionals’ Perspectives

Department of Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Both authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editors: Carmela Mento, Spatari Giovanna and Maria Rosaria Anna Muscatello
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6204; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126204
Received: 5 May 2021 / Revised: 3 June 2021 / Accepted: 6 June 2021 / Published: 8 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Aggressive and Violent Behavior during Covid-19)
Social isolation is considered one of the main risk factors leading to intimate partner violence episodes; this evidence also emerged during the application of stay-at-home policies to contain the COVID-19 pandemic. For this reason, we aimed to collect data on intimate partner violence over the last year, comparing data reported by victims with data collected by help professionals. In accordance with PRISMA guidelines, through keywords related to abuse, pandemic and containment measures, 3174 articles were identified for screening. After full-text reading and risk of bias analysis, 19 studies were included, and a thematic synthesis was conducted according to two categories: “studies with victims” and “studies with help professionals”. The results of the present review showed that there were significant differences between the data provided by victims and the data collected by health care facilities and police departments; additionally, differences among different forms and severity of victimization emerged. The results have been discussed according to the literature; in particular, we reflected on how containment measures have apparently made it more difficult for victims to report, thus making the existence of the dark figure of crime even more salient. View Full-Text
Keywords: stay at home; coronavirus; thematic synthesis; aggressive behavior; helping professions; psychological violence; lockdown; forced cohabitation; victimization stay at home; coronavirus; thematic synthesis; aggressive behavior; helping professions; psychological violence; lockdown; forced cohabitation; victimization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lausi, G.; Pizzo, A.; Cricenti, C.; Baldi, M.; Desiderio, R.; Giannini, A.M.; Mari, E. Intimate Partner Violence during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Review of the Phenomenon from Victims’ and Help Professionals’ Perspectives. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6204. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126204

AMA Style

Lausi G, Pizzo A, Cricenti C, Baldi M, Desiderio R, Giannini AM, Mari E. Intimate Partner Violence during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Review of the Phenomenon from Victims’ and Help Professionals’ Perspectives. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(12):6204. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126204

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lausi, Giulia, Alessandra Pizzo, Clarissa Cricenti, Michela Baldi, Rita Desiderio, Anna M. Giannini, and Emanuela Mari. 2021. "Intimate Partner Violence during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Review of the Phenomenon from Victims’ and Help Professionals’ Perspectives" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 12: 6204. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126204

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