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Review

Why We Will Continue to Lose Our Battle with Cancers If We Do Not Stop Their Triggers from Environmental Pollution

1
Konrad Lorenz Institute for Evolution and Cognition Research, 3400 Klosterneuburg, Austria
2
Biological Institute, Tomsk State University, 634050 Tomsk, Russia
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(11), 6107; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18116107
Received: 9 March 2021 / Revised: 21 May 2021 / Accepted: 1 June 2021 / Published: 5 June 2021
Besides our current health concerns due to COVID-19, cancer is a longer-lasting and even more dramatic pandemic that affects almost a third of the human population worldwide. Most of the emphasis on its causes has been posed on genetic predisposition, chance, and wrong lifestyles (mainly, obesity and smoking). Moreover, our medical weapons against cancers have not improved too much during the last century, although research is in progress. Once diagnosed with a malignant tumour, we still rely on surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. The main problem is that we have focused on fighting a difficult battle instead of preventing it by controlling its triggers. Quite the opposite, our knowledge of the links between environmental pollution and cancer has surged from the 1980s. Carcinogens in water, air, and soil have continued to accumulate disproportionally and grow in number and dose, bringing us to today’s carnage. Here, a synthesis and critical review of the state of the knowledge of the links between cancer and environmental pollution in the three environmental compartments is provided, research gaps are briefly discussed, and some future directions are indicated. New evidence suggests that it is relevant to take into account not only the dose but also the time when we are exposed to carcinogens. The review ends by stressing that more dedication should be put into studying the environmental causes of cancers to prevent and avoid curing them, that the precautionary approach towards environmental pollutants must be much more reactionary, and that there is an urgent need to leave behind the outdated petrochemical-based industry and goods production. View Full-Text
Keywords: cancer; environment; pollution; air; water; soil; carcinogens cancer; environment; pollution; air; water; soil; carcinogens
MDPI and ACS Style

Cazzolla Gatti, R. Why We Will Continue to Lose Our Battle with Cancers If We Do Not Stop Their Triggers from Environmental Pollution. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6107. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18116107

AMA Style

Cazzolla Gatti R. Why We Will Continue to Lose Our Battle with Cancers If We Do Not Stop Their Triggers from Environmental Pollution. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(11):6107. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18116107

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cazzolla Gatti, Roberto. 2021. "Why We Will Continue to Lose Our Battle with Cancers If We Do Not Stop Their Triggers from Environmental Pollution" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 11: 6107. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18116107

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