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Article

Forest Manners Exchange: Forest as a Place to Remedy Risky Behaviour of Adolescents: Mixed Methods Approach

1
Department of Forestry and Wood Economics, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sciences, Kamýcká 129, 6-Suchdol, 16500 Praha, Czech Republic
2
Department of Hotel Management, Institute of Hospitality Management in Prague, Svídnická 506, 18200 Prague, Czech Republic
3
Department of Languages, Institute of Hospitality Management in Prague, 18200 Prague, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Takahide Kagawa
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(11), 5725; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115725
Received: 9 April 2021 / Revised: 23 May 2021 / Accepted: 24 May 2021 / Published: 26 May 2021
This paper evaluates the impact of the forest environment on aggressive manifestations in adolescents. A remedial educative programme was performed with 68 teenagers from institutions with substitute social care with diagnoses F 30.0 (affective disorders) and F 91.0 (family-related behavioural disorders), aged 12–16 years. Adolescents observed patterns of prosocial behaviour in forest animals (wolves, wild boars, deer, bees, ants, squirrels and birds), based on the fact that processes and interactions in nature are analogous to proceedings and bonds in human society. The methodology is based on qualitative and quantitative research. Projective tests (Rorschach Test, Hand Test, Thematic Apperception Test) were used as a diagnostic tool for aggressive manifestations before and after forest therapies based on Shinrin-yoku, wilderness therapy, observational learning and forest pedagogy. Probands underwent 16 therapies lasting for two hours each. The experimental intervention has a statistically significant effect on the decreased final values relating to psychopathology, irritability, restlessness, emotional instability, egocentrism, relativity, and negativism. Forest animals demonstrated to these adolescents ways of communication, cooperation, adaptability, and care for others, i.e., characteristics without which no community can work. View Full-Text
Keywords: forest fauna community; communication; social behaviour; aggression; projective tests; Shinrin-yoku; forest pedagogy forest fauna community; communication; social behaviour; aggression; projective tests; Shinrin-yoku; forest pedagogy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Macháčková, K.; Dudík, R.; Zelený, J.; Kolářová, D.; Vinš, Z.; Riedl, M. Forest Manners Exchange: Forest as a Place to Remedy Risky Behaviour of Adolescents: Mixed Methods Approach. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5725. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115725

AMA Style

Macháčková K, Dudík R, Zelený J, Kolářová D, Vinš Z, Riedl M. Forest Manners Exchange: Forest as a Place to Remedy Risky Behaviour of Adolescents: Mixed Methods Approach. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(11):5725. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115725

Chicago/Turabian Style

Macháčková, Karolina, Roman Dudík, Jiří Zelený, Dana Kolářová, Zbyněk Vinš, and Marcel Riedl. 2021. "Forest Manners Exchange: Forest as a Place to Remedy Risky Behaviour of Adolescents: Mixed Methods Approach" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 11: 5725. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115725

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