Next Article in Journal
Barriers and Benefits of the Scheduled Telephone Referral Model (DETELPROG): A Qualitative Approach
Next Article in Special Issue
The Impact of Age, Gender and Technical Experience on Three Motor Coordination Skills in Children Practicing Taekwondo
Previous Article in Journal
Perception and Acceptance of People with Disabilities by Employers and Co-Workers
Previous Article in Special Issue
Phase Angle Is Related to 10 m and 30 m Sprint Time and Repeated-Sprint Ability in Young Male Soccer Players
Article

Somatic Characteristics and Special Motor Fitness of Young Top-Level Polish Table Tennis Players

Faculty of Tourism and Recreation, Poznan University of Physical Education, Poland Królowej Jadwigi 27/39, 61-871 Poznan, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Gabriele Mascherini and Pascal Izzicupo
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(10), 5279; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105279
Received: 27 April 2021 / Revised: 13 May 2021 / Accepted: 14 May 2021 / Published: 16 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Body Composition, Performance and Health among Young Athletes)
In the present study, we aimed to identify the impact of chosen anthropometric measurements on the special physical fitness of elite junior table tennis players at different stages of sport training. A total of 87 table tennis players aged 13.4 ± 1.74 years (43.7% girls and 56.3% boys) from two Polish teams were analyzed. The anthropometry measurements included height, sitting height, body weight, arm span, humerus and femur breadths, five skinfold thicknesses, and five girths were assessed. Participants’ somatotypes were also calculated using the Heath–Carter method as well as body mass index (BMI), which was constructed using the lambda, mu, sigma (LMS) method. Body composition via a bioelectric impedance analysis was also analyzed. The level of special fitness of athletes was determined using tests from the Table Tennis Specific Battery Test, assessing reaction and displacement speeds. Mesomorphic (4.1) and ectomorphic (3.8) profiles were registered for boys and girls, respectively. Boys achieved higher scores than girls for almost all variables, with the exception of ectomorphic somatotype (p = 0.274), skinfold triceps (p = 0.444), and calf skinfold medial (p = 0.609). The relationship between the body height, thickness of the skinfolds of the triceps and suprailiac, biceps, and waist circumference and arm span in all three motor tests was observed, simultaneously significantly higher results were obtained by competitors at the specialist stage of training. Knowledge of the somatic and motor characteristics of young athletes can help coaches in creating a specific training program for improved health and performance, taking into consideration the athletes’ biological development, potential, and pre-disposition. View Full-Text
Keywords: table tennis; young athletes; anthropometry; body composition; somatotype; special physical fitness table tennis; young athletes; anthropometry; body composition; somatotype; special physical fitness
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Pluta, B.; Galas, S.; Krzykała, M.; Andrzejewski, M.; Podciechowska, K. Somatic Characteristics and Special Motor Fitness of Young Top-Level Polish Table Tennis Players. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5279. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105279

AMA Style

Pluta B, Galas S, Krzykała M, Andrzejewski M, Podciechowska K. Somatic Characteristics and Special Motor Fitness of Young Top-Level Polish Table Tennis Players. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(10):5279. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105279

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pluta, Beata; Galas, Szymon; Krzykała, Magdalena; Andrzejewski, Marcin; Podciechowska, Karolina. 2021. "Somatic Characteristics and Special Motor Fitness of Young Top-Level Polish Table Tennis Players" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 10: 5279. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105279

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop