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Perception and Acceptance of People with Disabilities by Employers and Co-Workers

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Department of Econometrics and Operational Research, Wroclaw University of Economics and Business, 53-345 Wrocław, Poland
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Department of Logistics, Wroclaw University of Economics and Business, 53-345 Wrocław, Poland
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Department of Statistics, Wroclaw University of Economics and Business, 53-345 Wrocław, Poland
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Michelle T. Bover Manderski and Judith M. Graber
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(10), 5278; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105278
Received: 20 April 2021 / Revised: 7 May 2021 / Accepted: 14 May 2021 / Published: 16 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Measurement and Evaluation of Occupational and Behavioral Exposures)
The perception of people with disabilities is crucial for their full inclusion and in order that they might stay economically active. The measurement tools used should be resistant to the demographic or professional characteristics of the research participants. The article attempts to test this resistance for one of the most popular tools measuring the perception of people with disabilities in everyday life—the Attitudes to Disability Scale (ADS) test developed by the WHOQOL Group. Another issue raised in the article is the acceptance of people with various types of disabilities in terms of their possible employment. We checked the differentiation of acceptance among employers from different countries. This article uses representative samples of respondents from two studies—the CATI research (2019) on samples of Polish employers and co-workers, and the CAWI research (2021) on samples of employers from Poland and Finland. The analysis methods used included confirmatory factor analysis, nested models and nonparametric analysis of variance. The research confirmed the resistance of the ADS scale to respondents’ characteristics, and found no differences for nested models constructed for groups based on categorical variables characterizing the respondents. As for acceptance of various types of disability in the workplace, significant differences were found in the statements of employers from Poland and Finland. View Full-Text
Keywords: disability; WHO ADS scale; inclusive employment; acceptance of types of disability; confirmatory factor analysis; measurement invariance; structural equation modelling disability; WHO ADS scale; inclusive employment; acceptance of types of disability; confirmatory factor analysis; measurement invariance; structural equation modelling
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MDPI and ACS Style

Grześkowiak, A.; Załuska, U.; Kozyra, C.; Kwiatkowska-Ciotucha, D. Perception and Acceptance of People with Disabilities by Employers and Co-Workers. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5278. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105278

AMA Style

Grześkowiak A, Załuska U, Kozyra C, Kwiatkowska-Ciotucha D. Perception and Acceptance of People with Disabilities by Employers and Co-Workers. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(10):5278. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105278

Chicago/Turabian Style

Grześkowiak, Alicja; Załuska, Urszula; Kozyra, Cyprian; Kwiatkowska-Ciotucha, Dorota. 2021. "Perception and Acceptance of People with Disabilities by Employers and Co-Workers" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 10: 5278. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105278

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