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Article

Sociodemographic Predictors of Changes in Physical Activity, Screen Time, and Sleep among Toddlers and Preschoolers in Chile during the COVID-19 Pandemic

1
Department of Physical Education, Sports and Recreation, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco 4780000, Chile
2
UFRO Activate Research Group, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco 4780000, Chile
3
IRyS Group, Physical Education School, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Valparaíso 2374631, Chile
4
Early Start, Faculty of Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
5
Illawarra Health & Medical Research Institute, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
6
Faculty of Health Sciences, Institute for Positive Psychology and Education, Australian Catholic University, Sydney, NSW 2060, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(1), 176; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010176
Received: 30 November 2020 / Revised: 17 December 2020 / Accepted: 24 December 2020 / Published: 29 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Feature Papers in Children's Health)
The aim was to examine the sociodemographic predictors associated with changes in movement behaviors (physical activity, screen time, and sleep) among toddlers and preschoolers during the early stages of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic in Chile. Caregivers of 1- to 5-year-old children completed an online survey between 30 March and 27 April 2020. Information about the child’s movement behaviors before (retrospectively) and during the pandemic, as well as family characteristics were reported. In total, 3157 participants provided complete data (mean children age: 3.1 ± 1.38 years). During early stages of the pandemic, time spent in physical activity decreased, recreational screen time and sleep duration increased, and sleep quality declined. Toddlers and preschoolers with space to play at home and living in rural areas experienced an attenuated impact of the pandemic restrictions on their physical activity levels, screen time, and sleep quality. Older children, those whose caregivers were aged ≥35–<45 years and had a higher educational level, and those living in apartments had greater changes, mainly a decrease in total physical activity and increase in screen time. This study has shown the significant impact of the pandemic restrictions on movement behaviors in toddlers and preschoolers in Chile. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; sedentary behavior; sleep; active play; outdoor time; movement behaviors; COVID-19 physical activity; sedentary behavior; sleep; active play; outdoor time; movement behaviors; COVID-19
MDPI and ACS Style

Aguilar-Farias, N.; Toledo-Vargas, M.; Miranda-Marquez, S.; Cortinez-O'Ryan, A.; Cristi-Montero, C.; Rodriguez-Rodriguez, F.; Martino-Fuentealba, P.; Okely, A.D.; del Pozo Cruz, B. Sociodemographic Predictors of Changes in Physical Activity, Screen Time, and Sleep among Toddlers and Preschoolers in Chile during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 176. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010176

AMA Style

Aguilar-Farias N, Toledo-Vargas M, Miranda-Marquez S, Cortinez-O'Ryan A, Cristi-Montero C, Rodriguez-Rodriguez F, Martino-Fuentealba P, Okely AD, del Pozo Cruz B. Sociodemographic Predictors of Changes in Physical Activity, Screen Time, and Sleep among Toddlers and Preschoolers in Chile during the COVID-19 Pandemic. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(1):176. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010176

Chicago/Turabian Style

Aguilar-Farias, Nicolas, Marcelo Toledo-Vargas, Sebastian Miranda-Marquez, Andrea Cortinez-O'Ryan, Carlos Cristi-Montero, Fernando Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Pia Martino-Fuentealba, Anthony D. Okely, and Borja del Pozo Cruz. 2021. "Sociodemographic Predictors of Changes in Physical Activity, Screen Time, and Sleep among Toddlers and Preschoolers in Chile during the COVID-19 Pandemic" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 1: 176. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010176

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