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Open AccessArticle

Validation of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire Version III and Establishment of Benchmarks for Psychosocial Risk Management in Sweden

1
Centre for Work Life and Evaluation Studies (CTA) & the Faculty of Odontology, Malmö University, 205 06 Malmö, Sweden
2
Department of Psychology, Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
3
Department of Occupational Health Sciences and Psychology, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, University of Gävle, 801 76 Gävle, Sweden
4
Institute of Environmental Medicine, Unit of Intervention and Implementation Research for Worker Health, Karolinska Institute, 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
5
Division 3 Work and Health, Federal Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (BAuA), 10317 Berlin, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(9), 3179; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093179
Received: 14 April 2020 / Revised: 27 April 2020 / Accepted: 29 April 2020 / Published: 2 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Occupational Safety and Health)
This study presents the Swedish standard version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire, COPSOQ III, and investigates its reliability and validity at individual and workplace levels with the aim of establishing benchmarks for the psychosocial work environment. Cross-sectional data from (1) a random sample of employees in Sweden aged 25–65 years (N = 2847) and (2) a convenience sample of non-managerial employees at 51 workplaces (N = 1818) were analysed. Internal consistency reliability was evaluated as well as the effects of sex, work sector and blue/white-collar work. Population benchmarks and mean scores for major occupational groups were computed based on weighted data. ICC(1) and ICC(2) estimates were computed to evaluate aggregation to the workplace level and Pearson inter-correlations to evaluate construct validity at individual and aggregated levels. The reliability and scale characteristics were satisfactory, with few exceptions, at both individual and workplace levels. The strength and direction of correlations supported the construct validity of the dimensions and the amount of variance explained by workplace justified aggregation to the workplace level. The present study thus supports the use of COPSOQ III for measurement at the workplace level and presents benchmarks for risk management as well as for research purposes. View Full-Text
Keywords: psychosocial risk assessment; psychosocial risk management; benchmark; organizational and social work environment; psychometric evaluation; occupational health psychosocial risk assessment; psychosocial risk management; benchmark; organizational and social work environment; psychometric evaluation; occupational health
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Berthelsen, H.; Westerlund, H.; Bergström, G.; Burr, H. Validation of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire Version III and Establishment of Benchmarks for Psychosocial Risk Management in Sweden. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3179.

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