Next Article in Journal
Sensitivity of Nutrition Indicators to Measure the Impact of a Multi-Sectoral Intervention: Cross-Sectional, Household, and Individual Level Analysis
Next Article in Special Issue
Child Sexual Abuse and Suicidal Ideation: The Differential Role of Attachment and Emotional Security in the Family System
Previous Article in Journal
A Model for the Spread of Infectious Diseases in a Region
Previous Article in Special Issue
Factors that Influence Chinese Parents’ Intentions to Use Physical Violence to Discipline Their Preschool Children
Article

Mediating Effects of Specific Types of Coping Styles on the Relationship between Childhood Maltreatment and Depressive Symptoms among Chinese Undergraduates: The Role of Sex

by 1,†, 2,3,†, 4, 2,3, 2,3, 2,3, 2,3 and 2,3,*
1
Department of Human Anatomy, Histology & Embryology, Anhui Medical College, Hefei 230032, China
2
Department of Maternal, Child & Adolescent Health, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230032, China
3
Anhui Provincial Key Laboratory of Population Health & Aristogenics, Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230032, China
4
Information Technology Office, Anqing Medical College, Anqing 246052, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(9), 3120; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093120
Received: 30 March 2020 / Revised: 27 April 2020 / Accepted: 28 April 2020 / Published: 30 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Child Abuse, Mental Health and Resilience)
Although childhood maltreatment is known to be associated with depressive symptoms, few studies have investigated the mediating effect of different types of coping styles on this association. It is unknown whether the impacts vary by sex. We investigated the mediating effects of different coping styles on the relationship between childhood maltreatment and depressive symptoms among Chinese undergraduates, as well as the role of sex in the mediated pathways. A total of 7643 college freshmen and sophomores (5665 females, 1978 males; 4215 freshmen, 3428 sophomores; mean age, 19.67 years) from two colleges in China completed a standard questionnaire on the details of childhood maltreatment, depressive symptoms, and coping styles. Childhood maltreatment was significantly correlated with all coping styles and depressive symptoms studied (p < 0.001). Problem solving, self-blame, help seeking, problem avoidance, and rationalization mediated the relationship between childhood maltreatment and depressive symptoms. The estimated ratio of the effect of childhood maltreatment on the occurrence of depressive symptoms can be explained by the mediation of problem solving, self-blame, help seeking, problem avoidance, and rationalization, which accounted for 15.1%, 25.6%, 7.4%, 1.6% and 1.6% of the total effect, respectively. Sex differences were found to have mediating effects on coping styles in terms of the relationship between childhood maltreatment and depressive symptoms. The findings illustrate the need to focus on coping styles and to employ sex-specific methods to effectively help college students reduce depressive symptoms associated with childhood maltreatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: childhood maltreatment; coping style; depressive symptoms; undergraduates; sex childhood maltreatment; coping style; depressive symptoms; undergraduates; sex
MDPI and ACS Style

Song, X.; Wang, S.; Wang, R.; Xu, H.; Jiang, Z.; Li, S.; Zhang, S.; Wan, Y. Mediating Effects of Specific Types of Coping Styles on the Relationship between Childhood Maltreatment and Depressive Symptoms among Chinese Undergraduates: The Role of Sex. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3120. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093120

AMA Style

Song X, Wang S, Wang R, Xu H, Jiang Z, Li S, Zhang S, Wan Y. Mediating Effects of Specific Types of Coping Styles on the Relationship between Childhood Maltreatment and Depressive Symptoms among Chinese Undergraduates: The Role of Sex. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(9):3120. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093120

Chicago/Turabian Style

Song, Xianbing; Wang, Shanshan; Wang, Rui; Xu, Huiqiong; Jiang, Zhicheng; Li, Shuqin; Zhang, Shichen; Wan, Yuhui. 2020. "Mediating Effects of Specific Types of Coping Styles on the Relationship between Childhood Maltreatment and Depressive Symptoms among Chinese Undergraduates: The Role of Sex" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 9: 3120. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093120

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop