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Article

The Influence of the Privatization Process on Accident Rates in the Forestry Sector in Poland

1
Faculty of Forestry, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 28, 60-637 Poznań, Poland
2
Regional Directorate of the State Forests in Poznań, Gajowa 10, 60-959 Poznań, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(9), 3055; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093055
Received: 1 April 2020 / Revised: 24 April 2020 / Accepted: 26 April 2020 / Published: 28 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Occupational Safety and Health)
The aim of this paper is to analyze the changes in accident rates resulting from the privatization of forest operations. Data from the years 1990–2017 were obtained from the Statistical Forestry Yearbooks issued by Statistics Poland, and were analyzed for two periods: the time of intensive privatization (1991–2002) and the post-privatization period (2003–2017). The data from 1990 were treated as a benchmark. There were 14,626 accidents in total, of which 236 (1.61%) were fatal. The non-fatal accident rate in the whole forestry industry showed a decreasing trend in the study period (t = 2.27, p < 0.05). In the case of the fatal accident rate we can observe an upward trend; in the period of intensive privatization the average annual fatality rate was 0.11, and after privatization it was 0.18 (t = −2.68, p < 0.05). In both periods the fatality rate was twice as high in the private forestry sector as in the public sector. The number of working days lost declined in the public sector and increased in the private sector. An accident in the private sector resulted in 20 days’ longer absence than one in the public sector. The study confirms that despite economic transition, accident rates in Polish forestry remain a serious issue. The main problem to be addressed is the increase in the fatal accident rate, especially in the private sector. View Full-Text
Keywords: accident incidence; fatality rate; forestry; public sector; private sector; privatization; Poland accident incidence; fatality rate; forestry; public sector; private sector; privatization; Poland
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MDPI and ACS Style

Grzywiński, W.; Skonieczna, J.; Jelonek, T.; Tomczak, A. The Influence of the Privatization Process on Accident Rates in the Forestry Sector in Poland. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3055. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093055

AMA Style

Grzywiński W, Skonieczna J, Jelonek T, Tomczak A. The Influence of the Privatization Process on Accident Rates in the Forestry Sector in Poland. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(9):3055. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093055

Chicago/Turabian Style

Grzywiński, Witold; Skonieczna, Joanna; Jelonek, Tomasz; Tomczak, Arkadiusz. 2020. "The Influence of the Privatization Process on Accident Rates in the Forestry Sector in Poland" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 9: 3055. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093055

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