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Open AccessReview

Antisocial Disorders in Adolescence and Youth, According to Structural, Emotional, and Cognitive Transdiagnostic Variables: A Systematic Review

1
Psychology Department, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain
2
Psychology Department, Health Research Center, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(9), 3036; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093036
Received: 27 March 2020 / Revised: 25 April 2020 / Accepted: 25 April 2020 / Published: 27 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Psycho-criminology, Crime, and the Law)
Transdiagnostic causal variables have been identified that have allowed understanding the origin and maintenance of psychopathologies in parsimonious explanatory models of antisocial disorders. However, it is necessary to systematize the information published in the last decade. The aim of the study was to identify through a systematic review, the structural, emotional and cognitive transdiagnostic variables in antisocial disorders of adolescence and youth. Recommendations for systematic reviews and meta-extraction and analysis of information according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), the Cochrane Collaboration and Campbell were followed. We found 19 articles from 110 reviewed documents. The results indicated that at a structural level there is a general psychopathological factor (psychopathy or externalizing), non-emotional callousness and impulsivity from behavioral inhibition and activation systems, and negative affect traits as base structures. In the emotional level, the study found a risk component from emotional dysregulation and experiential avoidance. In the cognitive level, a key role of anger-rumination and violent ideation as explanatory variables of antisocial disorders. We concluded that the interaction of these identified variables makes it possible to generate an evidence-based transdiagnostic model. View Full-Text
Keywords: transdiagnostic; antisocial; externalizing; criminal behavior; juvenile delinquency; social deviance transdiagnostic; antisocial; externalizing; criminal behavior; juvenile delinquency; social deviance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Toro, R.; García-García, J.; Zaldívar-Basurto, F. Antisocial Disorders in Adolescence and Youth, According to Structural, Emotional, and Cognitive Transdiagnostic Variables: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3036. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093036

AMA Style

Toro R, García-García J, Zaldívar-Basurto F. Antisocial Disorders in Adolescence and Youth, According to Structural, Emotional, and Cognitive Transdiagnostic Variables: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(9):3036. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093036

Chicago/Turabian Style

Toro, Ronald; García-García, Juan; Zaldívar-Basurto, Flor. 2020. "Antisocial Disorders in Adolescence and Youth, According to Structural, Emotional, and Cognitive Transdiagnostic Variables: A Systematic Review" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 9: 3036. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093036

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