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Article

Feasibility and Tolerability of a Culture-Based Virtual Reality (VR) Training Program in Patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study

1
Health Convergence Medicine Laboratory, Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan 49241, Korea
2
Department of Health Promotion and Health Education, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei 10610, Taiwan
3
Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan 49241, Korea
4
Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, Dong-A University, Busan 49201, Korea
5
Department of Health Care and Science, Dong-A University, Busan 49315, Korea
6
SY Inotech, Busan 48520, Korea
7
Busan Metropolitan Dementia Center, Busan 49201, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(9), 3030; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093030
Received: 11 March 2020 / Revised: 19 April 2020 / Accepted: 22 April 2020 / Published: 27 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exercise Medicine in Health and Disease)
The present study examined whether a culture-based virtual reality (VR) training program is feasible and tolerable for patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), and whether it could improve cognitive function in these patients. Twenty-one outpatients with aMCI were randomized to either the VR-based training group or the control group in a 1:1 ratio. The VR-based training group participated in training for 30 min/day, two days/week, for three months (24 times). The VR-based program was designed based on Korean traditional culture and used attention, processing speed, executive function and memory conditions to stimulate cognitive function. The adherence to the culture-based VR training program was 91.55% ± 6.41% in the VR group. The only adverse events observed in the VR group were dizziness (4.2%) and fatigue (8.3%). Analysis revealed that the VR-based training group exhibited no significant differences following the three-month VR program in Korean Mini-Mental State Examination (K-MMSE) scores, working memory functions such as performance on the digit span test, or in Stroop test performance and word fluency. We conclude that although the 12-week culture-based VR training program did not improve cognitive function, our findings revealed that the culture-based VR training program was feasible and tolerable for participants with aMCI. View Full-Text
Keywords: older adults; cognitive function; intervention; dementia older adults; cognitive function; intervention; dementia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Park, J.-H.; Liao, Y.; Kim, D.-R.; Song, S.; Lim, J.H.; Park, H.; Lee, Y.; Park, K.W. Feasibility and Tolerability of a Culture-Based Virtual Reality (VR) Training Program in Patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3030. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093030

AMA Style

Park J-H, Liao Y, Kim D-R, Song S, Lim JH, Park H, Lee Y, Park KW. Feasibility and Tolerability of a Culture-Based Virtual Reality (VR) Training Program in Patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(9):3030. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093030

Chicago/Turabian Style

Park, Jong-Hwan, Yung Liao, Du-Ri Kim, Seunghwan Song, Jun H. Lim, Hyuntae Park, Yeanhwa Lee, and Kyung W. Park 2020. "Feasibility and Tolerability of a Culture-Based Virtual Reality (VR) Training Program in Patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 9: 3030. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093030

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