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Open AccessArticle

The Challenges of Public Health, Social Work, and Psychological Counselling Services in South Korea: The Issues of Limited Support and Resource

Woosong Language Institute, Woosong University, Daejeon 34514, Korea
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(8), 2771; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082771
Received: 1 April 2020 / Revised: 15 April 2020 / Accepted: 16 April 2020 / Published: 17 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Future Health Workforce: Integrated Solutions and Models of Care)
Public health, social work, and psychological counselling professions in South Korea are facing challenges of human resource shortage and shortage of professionals who can provide multilingual services. The purpose of this study was to explore and understand why public health, social work, and psychological counselling services degree graduates and professionals with multilingual skills in South Korea decide to leave their professional field to the hospitality and business industries, particularly for those who completed their initial training at one of the international universities. Based on the approach of the Social Cognitive Career Theory, individuals’ self-efficacy, outcome expectations, interests, and goals were examined and considered. The data were collected from 12 participants with the methodology of interpretative phenomenological analysis. The general inductive approach was employed to categorize the themes for reporting. The results indicated that public health, social work, and psychological counselling services-related positions are not available, modelling from peers, and lack of career development skills are the primary difficulties of public health, social work, and psychological counselling services graduates. The completion of this study provides clear recommendations to educators, policymakers, school leaders, human resource planners, and university administrators to improve their curricula and school counselling for public health, social work, and psychological counselling services graduates and the next generation. View Full-Text
Keywords: human resource shortage; mental counselling; psychological counselling; public health; shortage; social cognitive; social work; workforce management human resource shortage; mental counselling; psychological counselling; public health; shortage; social cognitive; social work; workforce management
MDPI and ACS Style

Dos Santos, L.M. The Challenges of Public Health, Social Work, and Psychological Counselling Services in South Korea: The Issues of Limited Support and Resource. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2771. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082771

AMA Style

Dos Santos LM. The Challenges of Public Health, Social Work, and Psychological Counselling Services in South Korea: The Issues of Limited Support and Resource. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(8):2771. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082771

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dos Santos, Luis M. 2020. "The Challenges of Public Health, Social Work, and Psychological Counselling Services in South Korea: The Issues of Limited Support and Resource" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 8: 2771. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082771

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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