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Article

Primary Stability of Dental Implants in Low-Density (10 and 20 pcf) Polyurethane Foam Blocks: Conical vs Cylindrical Implants

1
Private Practice, San Vendemiano-Conegliano, 31020 Treviso, Italy
2
Department of Medical, Oral and Biotechnological Sciences, University “G. D’Annunzio” of Chieti-Pescara, 66100 Chieti, Italy
3
Department of Dentistry, Federal University of Juiz de Fora-Campus Governador Valadares, São Paulo 01000, Brazil
4
Biomaterials Engineering, Catholic University of San Antonio de Murcia (UCAM), 30001 Murcia, Spain
5
Fondazione Villaserena per la Ricerca, Città Sant’Angelo, 65121 Pescara, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These two Authors had an equal contribution to the study.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(8), 2617; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082617
Received: 6 February 2020 / Revised: 6 April 2020 / Accepted: 8 April 2020 / Published: 11 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modern Patient-Centered Dental Care)
Background: The aim of the present study was to compare, in low-density polyurethane blocks, the primary implant stability values (micromobility) and removal torque values of three different implant geometries in two different bone densities representing the structure of the human posterior jaws. Methods: A total of 60 implants were used in the present investigation: twenty implants for each of three groups (group A, group B, and group C), in both polyurethane 10 pcf and 20 pcf densities. The insertion torque, pull-out torque, and implant stability quotient (ISQ) values were obtained. Results: No differences were found in the values of Group A and Group B implants. In both these groups, the insertion torques were quite low in the 10 pcf blocks. Better results were found in the 20 pcf blocks, which showed very good stability of the implants. The pull-out values were slightly lower than the insertion torque values. High ISQ values were found in Group A and B implants. Lower values were present in Group C implants. Conclusions: The present investigation evaluated implants with different geometries that are available on the market, and not experimental implants specifically created for the study. The authors aimed to simulate real clinical conditions (poor-density bone or immediate post-extraction implants) in which knowledge of dental implant features, which may be useful in increasing the primary stability, may help the oral surgeon during the surgery planning. View Full-Text
Keywords: bone density; cylindrical implants; conical implants; implant stability quotient; insertion and pull-out torque; polyurethane foam blocks; primary stability bone density; cylindrical implants; conical implants; implant stability quotient; insertion and pull-out torque; polyurethane foam blocks; primary stability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Comuzzi, L.; Tumedei, M.; Pontes, A.E.; Piattelli, A.; Iezzi, G. Primary Stability of Dental Implants in Low-Density (10 and 20 pcf) Polyurethane Foam Blocks: Conical vs Cylindrical Implants. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2617. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082617

AMA Style

Comuzzi L, Tumedei M, Pontes AE, Piattelli A, Iezzi G. Primary Stability of Dental Implants in Low-Density (10 and 20 pcf) Polyurethane Foam Blocks: Conical vs Cylindrical Implants. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(8):2617. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082617

Chicago/Turabian Style

Comuzzi, Luca, Margherita Tumedei, Ana E. Pontes, Adriano Piattelli, and Giovanna Iezzi. 2020. "Primary Stability of Dental Implants in Low-Density (10 and 20 pcf) Polyurethane Foam Blocks: Conical vs Cylindrical Implants" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 8: 2617. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082617

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