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Article

Diet Practices, Body Mass Index, and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life in Adults with Periodontitis- A Case-Control Study

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Big Biomedical Data Research Laboratory, Hebrew University-Hadassah School of Dental Medicine, Jerusalem 91120, Israel
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Department of Oral Medicine, Sedation & Maxillofacial Imaging, Hebrew University-Hadassah School of Dental Medicine, Jerusalem 91120, Israel
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Department of Endodontics, Hebrew University-Hadassah School of Dental Medicine, Jerusalem 91120, Israel
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In partial fulfillment of DMD degree, Hebrew University-Hadassah School of Dental Medicine, Jerusalem 91120, Israel
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Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G, Canada
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Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck and Maxillofacial Surgery, Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv 6139001, Israel
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Department of Periodontology, Oral and Maxillofacial Center, Tel-Hashomer 5262000, Israel
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Department of Community Dentistry, Hebrew University-Hadassah School of Dental Medicine, Jerusalem 91120, Israel
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Rutgers School of Dental Medicine, Newark, NJ 07107, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(7), 2340; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072340
Received: 22 February 2020 / Revised: 18 March 2020 / Accepted: 25 March 2020 / Published: 30 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Modern Patient-Centered Dental Care)
Objectives: To assess and compare diet practices, body mass index (BMI), and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in adults with and without periodontitis. Methods: Demographics, health-related behaviors, BMI, dental and periodontal parameters, diet practices, and Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) were collected from 62 periodontitis patients and 100 controls without periodontitis. Results: Having periodontitis was positively associated with male sex (p = 0.004), older age (p < 0.001), smoking pack-years (p = 0.006), weight (p = 0.008), BMI (p = 0.003), number of meals per day (p < 0.001) and had a negative association with decayed teeth (p = 0.013), alcohol (p = 0.006), and sweets (p = 0.007) consumption. Periodontitis patients were more likely to avoid carbonated beverages (p = 0.028), hot (p = 0.003), and cold drinks (p = 0.013), cold (p = 0.028), hard textured (p = 0.002), and fibrous foods (p = 0.02) than the controls, and exhibited higher global OHIP-14 (p < 0.001) and most domain scores. Age (p < 0.001), BMI (p =0.045), number of meals per day (p = 0.024), and global OHIP-14 score (p < 0.001) remained positively associated with periodontitis in the multivariate analysis. Conclusions: Periodontitis patients exhibited higher BMI and altered diet practices and OHRQoL as compared to controls. Assessment of diet practices, BMI, and OHRQoL should be part of periodontal work-up. Dentists and dietitians should collaborate to design strategies to address these challenges. View Full-Text
Keywords: periodontitis; diet; body mass index (BMI); quality of life; oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) periodontitis; diet; body mass index (BMI); quality of life; oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL)
MDPI and ACS Style

Almoznino, G.; Gal, N.; Levin, L.; Mijiritsky, E.; Weinberg, G.; Lev, R.; Zini, A.; Touger-Decker, R.; Chebath-Taub, D.; Shay, B. Diet Practices, Body Mass Index, and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life in Adults with Periodontitis- A Case-Control Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2340. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072340

AMA Style

Almoznino G, Gal N, Levin L, Mijiritsky E, Weinberg G, Lev R, Zini A, Touger-Decker R, Chebath-Taub D, Shay B. Diet Practices, Body Mass Index, and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life in Adults with Periodontitis- A Case-Control Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(7):2340. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072340

Chicago/Turabian Style

Almoznino, Galit, Naama Gal, Liran Levin, Eitan Mijiritsky, Guy Weinberg, Ron Lev, Avraham Zini, Riva Touger-Decker, Daniella Chebath-Taub, and Boaz Shay. 2020. "Diet Practices, Body Mass Index, and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life in Adults with Periodontitis- A Case-Control Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 7: 2340. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072340

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