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What Accounts for Physical Activity during Pregnancy? A Study on the Sociodemographic Predictors of Self-Reported and Objectively Assessed Physical Activity during the 1st and 2nd Trimesters of Pregnancy

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Faculty of Medicine and Nursing, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), 20014 Donostia-San Sebastián, Spain
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Department of Nursing II, Faculty of Medicine and Nursing, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), 20014 Donostia-San Sebastián, Spain
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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Donostia University Hospital, Basque Country, 20014 Donostia-San Sebastián, Spain
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Biodonostia Health Research Institute, Group of Environmental Epidemiology and Child Development, Doctor Begiristain, s/n, 20014 San Sebastian, Spain
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Center for Precision Environmental Health, Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030-3411, USA
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Institute of Urban and Regional Development, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-1820, USA
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Department of Geography, UniversitatAutònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain
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Department of Health of the Basque Government, Subdirectorate of Public Health of Gipuzkoa, Avenida Navarra 4, 20013 Donostia-San Sebastian, Spain
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Spanish Consortium for Research on Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, C/Monforte de Lemos 3-5, 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Faculty of Psychology. University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Avenida Tolosa 70, 20018 Donostia-San Sebastian, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(7), 2517; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072517
Received: 9 March 2020 / Revised: 2 April 2020 / Accepted: 3 April 2020 / Published: 7 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity Behaviour during Pregnancy and Postpartum)
Physical activity (PA) during pregnancy has positive health implications for both mother and child. However, current literature indicates that not all pregnant women meet the international recommendations for PA (at least 150 min/week of moderate-to-vigorous PA). The main objective of this study was to assess PA levels among pregnant women in the city of Donostia-San Sebastian and identify their main sociodemographic predictors. We recruited 441 women in the 12th week of pregnancy from the local public obstetric health services. Women wore an accelerometer for one week during two separate time points (1st and 2nd trimesters of pregnancy) and completed a questionnaire assessing several sociodemographic variables as well as self-reported PA. With this information, we estimated women’s overall PA levels during both time points. The fulfillment of PA recommendations raised up to 77% and 85% during the first and second trimesters, respectively. We found that a higher number of children and a greater preference for exercise positively predicted light-to-moderate PA, being the most consistent predictors. The availability of a greater number of cars negatively predicted moderate-to-vigorous PA. View Full-Text
Keywords: accelerometer; self-reported data; physical activity guidelines; inter-measurement agreement; pregnancy accelerometer; self-reported data; physical activity guidelines; inter-measurement agreement; pregnancy
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Mendinueta, A.; Esnal, H.; Arrieta, H.; Arrue, M.; Urbieta, N.; Ubillos, I.; Whitworth, K.W.; Delclòs-Alió, X.; Vich, G.; Ibarluzea, J. What Accounts for Physical Activity during Pregnancy? A Study on the Sociodemographic Predictors of Self-Reported and Objectively Assessed Physical Activity during the 1st and 2nd Trimesters of Pregnancy. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2517.

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