Next Article in Journal
Feasibility of Adjusting the S2O32−/NO3 Ratio to Adapt to Dynamic Influents in Coupled Anammox and Denitrification Systems
Next Article in Special Issue
Accumulated Disadvantage over the Lower Secondary School Years in Helsinki Metropolitan Area, Finland
Previous Article in Journal
Environmental Monitoring of PAHs Exposure, Biomarkers and Vital Status in Coke Oven Workers
Previous Article in Special Issue
Changes in Physical Activity, Physical Fitness and Well-Being Following a School-Based Health Promotion Program in a Norwegian Region with a Poor Public Health Profile: A Non-Randomized Controlled Study in Early Adolescents
Open AccessArticle

The Effect of The Daily Mile on Primary School Children’s Aerobic Fitness Levels After 12 Weeks: A Controlled Trial

Mulier Institute; Herculesplein 269, 3584 AA Utrecht, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(7), 2198; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072198 (registering DOI)
Received: 24 February 2020 / Revised: 13 March 2020 / Accepted: 23 March 2020 / Published: 25 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue School Health and Wellbeing)
The Daily Mile (TDM) is a school-based physical activity intervention encompassing a 15-minute run at least three times per week. This study aimed to determine (1) the effects of performing TDM for 12 weeks on Dutch primary school children’s aerobic fitness levels and (2) if additional personal support for teachers impacted the effectiveness of TDM. Nine Dutch primary schools (n = 659 children, grades 5–8) were allocated to a control (no TDM), intervention (12 weeks TDM) or intervention-plus (12 weeks TDM, additional personal support) group. The Shuttle Run Test (SRT) was used to assess aerobic fitness at baseline and follow-up. Data were analyzed using a multiple-imputed dataset and multilevel linear regression models to account for the clustering of students within classes and classes within schools. The regression analyses were adjusted for sex and age. Compared with the control group, significant intervention effects of TDM on SRT score were observed for the intervention group (β = 1.1; 95% CI: 0.8; 1.5) and the intervention-plus group (β = 0.6; 95% CI 0.3; 0.9). Additional personal support had no impact on the effectiveness of TDM. These results suggest that performing TDM at least three times per week for approximately 12 weeks increases primary school children’s aerobic fitness. Additional personal support did not improve the effectiveness of TDM on aerobic fitness within this period. These results contribute to the body of evidence surrounding TDM, but further research is needed regarding long-term implementation of TDM. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; intervention; school-based; support; students; implementation physical activity; intervention; school-based; support; students; implementation
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

de Jonge, M.; Slot-Heijs, J.J.; Prins, R.G.; Singh, A.S. The Effect of The Daily Mile on Primary School Children’s Aerobic Fitness Levels After 12 Weeks: A Controlled Trial. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2198.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop