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Review

Use of Electronic Cigarettes in European Populations: A Narrative Review

1
Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Centre of Public Health, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna 1090, Austria
2
Institute of Outcomes Research, Centre for Medical Statistics, Informatics and Intelligent Systems, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna 1090, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(6), 1971; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17061971
Received: 21 January 2020 / Revised: 10 March 2020 / Accepted: 12 March 2020 / Published: 17 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue E-Cigarettes: A Global Public Health Perspective)
The increasing popularity of electronic cigarettes in past decades has aroused public health concern. This study aims to review the literature on the prevalence of e-cigarette use among the general adult and young populations in Europe. We searched Medline and Google Scholar from September 2019, and included “prevalence of e-cigarettes”, “electronic cigarettes” or “e-cigarettes”, and “electronic nicotine delivery system” or “vaping”. The prevalence of current e-cigarette use ranged from 0.2% to 27%, ever-use ranged from 5.5% to 56.6% and daily use ranged from 1% to 2.9%. Current smokers of conventional cigarettes showed the highest prevalence for the use of e-cigarettes, ranging from 20.4% to 83.1%, followed by ex-smokers, with ranges from 7% to 15%. The following socio-demographic factors were associated with a higher chance of using e-cigarettes: male sex and younger age groups; results for economic status were inconclusive. In European countries, there is a higher prevalence of e-cigarette use among males, adolescents and young adults, smokers of conventional cigarettes, and former smokers. View Full-Text
Keywords: prevalence; e-cigarettes; current and ever-use; trend prevalence; e-cigarettes; current and ever-use; trend
MDPI and ACS Style

Kapan, A.; Stefanac, S.; Sandner, I.; Haider, S.; Grabovac, I.; Dorner, T.E. Use of Electronic Cigarettes in European Populations: A Narrative Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1971. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17061971

AMA Style

Kapan A, Stefanac S, Sandner I, Haider S, Grabovac I, Dorner TE. Use of Electronic Cigarettes in European Populations: A Narrative Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(6):1971. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17061971

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kapan, A., S. Stefanac, I. Sandner, S. Haider, I. Grabovac, and T.E. Dorner. 2020. "Use of Electronic Cigarettes in European Populations: A Narrative Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 6: 1971. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17061971

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