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Open AccessArticle

Spatial Variability of Health Inequalities of Older People in China and Related Health Factors

1
School of Geographical Sciences, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
2
Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada
3
College of Resources and Environmental Science, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(5), 1739; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051739
Received: 3 February 2020 / Revised: 27 February 2020 / Accepted: 5 March 2020 / Published: 7 March 2020
China is facing serious population aging issues because of many unintended consequences of the economic reforms that began in the 1980s and with social policies such as the “one child” policy. Understanding the spatial distribution of the health status of older people has attracted more and more attention in many countries, including China. By employing descriptive analysis, this study uses data from the Chinese Population Censusand Statistical Year Bookto explore the health inequalities of older people at the national level. Based on the Getis-Ord Gi*, this study finds that the uneven spatial distribution of socio-economic status results in health inequalities for older people at the national level. The geographic distribution of life expectancy was correlated with a number of important demographic, socio-economic, and environmental variables. For further research, investigations should be conducted among individuals at micro-geographic scales. View Full-Text
Keywords: health inequalities; life expectancy; older people; spatial distribution; socio-economic factor; Moran’s I; Getis-Ord Gi* health inequalities; life expectancy; older people; spatial distribution; socio-economic factor; Moran’s I; Getis-Ord Gi*
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, M.; Rosenberg, M.W.; Li, J. Spatial Variability of Health Inequalities of Older People in China and Related Health Factors. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1739. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051739

AMA Style

Yang M, Rosenberg MW, Li J. Spatial Variability of Health Inequalities of Older People in China and Related Health Factors. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(5):1739. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051739

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yang, Mengqi; Rosenberg, Mark W.; Li, Jie. 2020. "Spatial Variability of Health Inequalities of Older People in China and Related Health Factors" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 5: 1739. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051739

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