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Open AccessArticle

Child and Parent Perceived Determinants of Children’s Inadequate Sleep Health. A Concept Mapping Study

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Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Department of Public and Occupational Health, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
2
Sarphati Amsterdam, Public Health Service (GGD), 1018 WT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
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Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, Section Youth, Municipal Health Service Amsterdam, 1018 WT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
4
Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Science and Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(5), 1583; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051583
Received: 19 December 2019 / Revised: 25 February 2020 / Accepted: 27 February 2020 / Published: 29 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers in Children's Health)
Many children do not meet the recommendations for healthy sleep, which is concerning given the potential negative effects on children’s health. To promote healthy sleep, it is crucial to understand its determinants. This concept mapping study therefore explores perspectives of children and parents on potential determinants of children’s inadequate sleep. The focus lies on 9–12 year old children (n = 45), and their parents (n = 33), from low socioeconomic neighbourhoods, as these children run a higher risk of living in a sleep-disturbing environment (e.g., worries, noise). All participants generated potential reasons (i.e., ideas) for children’s inadequate sleep. Next, participants sorted all ideas by relatedness and rated their importance. Subsequently, multidimensional scaling and hierarchical cluster analyses were performed to create clusters of ideas for children and parents separately. Children and parents both identified psychological (i.e., fear, affective state, stressful situation), social environmental (i.e., sleep schedule, family sleep habits), behavioural (i.e., screen behaviour, physical activity, diet), physical environmental (i.e., sleep environment such as temperature, noise, light), and physiological (i.e., physical well-being) determinants. These insights may be valuable for the development of future healthy sleep interventions. View Full-Text
Keywords: sleep; childhood; children; determinants; factors; concept mapping sleep; childhood; children; determinants; factors; concept mapping
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Belmon, L.S.; Busch, V.; van Stralen, M.M.; Stijnman, D.P.; Hidding, L.M.; Harmsen, I.A.; Chinapaw, M.J. Child and Parent Perceived Determinants of Children’s Inadequate Sleep Health. A Concept Mapping Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1583.

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