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Open AccessArticle

Affect Path to Flood Protective Coping Behaviors Using SEM Based on a Survey in Shenzhen, China

1
State Key Laboratory of Hydrology-Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
2
Institute of Management Science, Business School, Hohai University, Nanjing 211100, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(3), 940; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030940
Received: 18 December 2019 / Revised: 31 January 2020 / Accepted: 1 February 2020 / Published: 3 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Resources and Hydro-Ecology)
The initial concept of flood control has gradually shifted to flood risk management which emphasizes more public participation. Therefore, understanding the public’s protective coping behavioral patterns to floods is significant, and can help improve the effectiveness of public participation and implementation of flood-mitigation measures. However, the quantitative effect of socio-demographic factors on flood risk perception and behaviors is not clear. In this study, the socio-demographic factors are included to explore the quantitative relationship with and the affect path to flood protective coping behaviors with socio-demographic factors are studied. Shenzhen City in China is chosen as the study area, which suffers frequent urban floods every year. Questionnaire surveys are conducted in five flood-prone communities there, and 339 valid questionnaires were collected. The correlations between flood risk perception, flood risk knowledge, flood risk attitude, socio-demographic factors, and protective coping behaviors are analyzed firstly. A structural equation model (SEM) about these factors is then established to verify the correctness of hypothetical paths and discover new paths. The results indicates that socio-demographic factors and flood risk perception do not have impacts on protective coping behaviors directly, but are mediated by flood risk knowledge and flood risk attitude. Flood risk attitude is an important factor that affects protective coping behaviors directly. Moreover, two affect paths to flood protective coping behaviors are proposed. The findings of Shenzhen city in this study can be extended to other cities with similar characteristics, providing support for conducting effective flood mitigation measures. View Full-Text
Keywords: protective coping behaviors; flood risk perception; socio-demographic factors; affect path; structural equation model protective coping behaviors; flood risk perception; socio-demographic factors; affect path; structural equation model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, J.; Cao, W.; Wang, H.; Wang, Z. Affect Path to Flood Protective Coping Behaviors Using SEM Based on a Survey in Shenzhen, China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 940.

AMA Style

Huang J, Cao W, Wang H, Wang Z. Affect Path to Flood Protective Coping Behaviors Using SEM Based on a Survey in Shenzhen, China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(3):940.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Huang, Jing; Cao, Weiwei; Wang, Huimin; Wang, Zhiqiang. 2020. "Affect Path to Flood Protective Coping Behaviors Using SEM Based on a Survey in Shenzhen, China" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 3: 940.

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