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Open AccessArticle

Prevalence and Relationships among Physical Activity Policy, Environment, and Practices in Licensed Childcare Centers from a Manager and Staff Perspective

1
Child Health BC, 4088 Cambie St #305, Vancouver, BC V5Z 2X8, Canada
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School of Exercise Science, Physical and Health Education, University of Victoria, 3800 Finnerty Road, Victoria, BC, V8P 5C2, Canada
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School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, 2329 West Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
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British Columbia Children’s Hospital Research Institute, 4480 Oak St., Vancouver, BC V6H 3N1, Canada
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Faculty of Kinesiology, Sport, and Recreation, 3-100 University Hall, Van Vliet Complex, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2H9, Canada
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School of Kinesiology, University of British Columbia, 6081 University Boulevard, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1, Canada
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Department of Family Practice, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, 5950 University Boulevard, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z3, Canada
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School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, University Drive, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(3), 1064; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17031064
Received: 22 December 2019 / Revised: 24 January 2020 / Accepted: 5 February 2020 / Published: 7 February 2020
Physical activity (PA) is critical to early childhood health and development, and childcare is a key setting for establishing physically active play. In British Columbia (BC), a provincial standard for active play in childcare was enacted, identified here as the Active Play (AP) standard. Pragmatic constraints limit real-world data collection for evaluating policy impact. We explored whether information about policies, practices, and the environment varied when it was collected from managers or staff. Surveys were distributed to BC childcare centers before AP standard enactment to ascertain current PA and fundamental movement skill policies and practices. The full sample (n = 1037 from 625 facilities) and a subsample of paired managers and staff (n = 261 centers) were used to explore agreement across managers and staff in reported prevalence and relationships among indicators. The policy prevalence and relationships for active play and outdoor play variables were relatively similar for manager and staff data, although the matched data had modest agreement and less than optimal intraclass correlations. The prevalence of manager-reported PA policies ranged from 47% for screen-time limits to 77% for fundamental movement skill activities. The manager and staff data highlighted indoor and outdoor space as a primary factor in AP standard adherence. With reliance on sampling staff unfeasible, it appears that the manager data may adequately describe the policies and practices of childcare providers with some notable issues. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; fundamental movement skills; physical literacy; childcare; early childhood educators; policy; practice; licensing physical activity; fundamental movement skills; physical literacy; childcare; early childhood educators; policy; practice; licensing
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MDPI and ACS Style

McConnell-Nzunga, J.; Mâsse, L.C.; Buckler, E.J.; Carson, V.; Faulkner, G.E.; Lau, E.Y.; McKay, H.A.; Temple, V.A.; Wolfenden, L.; Naylor, P.-J. Prevalence and Relationships among Physical Activity Policy, Environment, and Practices in Licensed Childcare Centers from a Manager and Staff Perspective. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1064. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17031064

AMA Style

McConnell-Nzunga J, Mâsse LC, Buckler EJ, Carson V, Faulkner GE, Lau EY, McKay HA, Temple VA, Wolfenden L, Naylor P-J. Prevalence and Relationships among Physical Activity Policy, Environment, and Practices in Licensed Childcare Centers from a Manager and Staff Perspective. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(3):1064. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17031064

Chicago/Turabian Style

McConnell-Nzunga, Jennifer; Mâsse, Louise C.; Buckler, E. J.; Carson, Valerie; Faulkner, Guy E.; Lau, Erica Y.; McKay, Heather A.; Temple, Viviene A.; Wolfenden, Luke; Naylor, Patti-Jean. 2020. "Prevalence and Relationships among Physical Activity Policy, Environment, and Practices in Licensed Childcare Centers from a Manager and Staff Perspective" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 3: 1064. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17031064

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