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Article

The Effects of Intermittent Hypoxic Training on Anaerobic and Aerobic Power in Boxers

1
Institute of Sports Sciences, University of Physical Education, 31-571 Kraków, Poland
2
Department of Physiology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of Physical Education in Kraków, 31-571 Kraków, Poland
3
Department of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport in Biała Podlaska, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, 00-809 Warsaw, Poland
4
Institute of Sport Science, The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education, Mikołowska 72A, 40-065 Katowice, Poland
5
Doctoral School, University of Physical Education in Kraków, 31-571 Kraków, Poland
6
Institute of Physical Culture Studies, College of Medical Sciences, University of Rzeszów, 35-310 Rzeszów, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(24), 9361; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249361
Received: 10 November 2020 / Revised: 13 December 2020 / Accepted: 14 December 2020 / Published: 14 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exercise Physiology and Performance)
Background: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of intermittent hypoxic training (IHT) on anaerobic and aerobic fitness in elite, national boxers. Methods: The study was conducted over a period of 6 weeks. It comprised 30 national championship boxers, divided into 2 groups: the experimental and control. Both groups performed the same boxing training twice a day (morning and afternoon training). In the afternoon, the experimental group performed training under normobaric conditions in a hypoxic chamber (IHT), while the control group undertook exercise in standard normoxic conditions. In both groups, before and after the 6-week programme, basic anthropometric indices as well as anaerobic (Wingate Test) and aerobic (graded test) fitness were assessed. Results: There was a significant increase in anaerobic peak power (988.2 vs. 1011.8 W), mean anaerobic power (741.1 vs. 764.8 W), total work (22.84 vs. 22.39 kJ), and a decrease in fatigue index (20.33 vs. 18.6 W·s−1) as well as time to peak power (5.01 vs. 4.72 s). Such changes were not observed in the control group. In both groups, no significant changes in endurance performance were noted after the training session – peak oxygen uptake did not significantly vary after IHT. Conclusions: Our results have practical application for coaches, as the IHT seems to be effective in improving anaerobic performance among boxers. View Full-Text
Keywords: aerobic capacity; anaerobic capacity; boxing; normobaric hypoxia aerobic capacity; anaerobic capacity; boxing; normobaric hypoxia
MDPI and ACS Style

Ambroży, T.; Maciejczyk, M.; Klimek, A.T.; Wiecha, S.; Stanula, A.; Snopkowski, P.; Pałka, T.; Jaworski, J.; Ambroży, D.; Rydzik, Ł.; Cynarski, W. The Effects of Intermittent Hypoxic Training on Anaerobic and Aerobic Power in Boxers. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 9361. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249361

AMA Style

Ambroży T, Maciejczyk M, Klimek AT, Wiecha S, Stanula A, Snopkowski P, Pałka T, Jaworski J, Ambroży D, Rydzik Ł, Cynarski W. The Effects of Intermittent Hypoxic Training on Anaerobic and Aerobic Power in Boxers. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(24):9361. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249361

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ambroży, Tadeusz, Marcin Maciejczyk, Andrzej T. Klimek, Szczepan Wiecha, Arkadiusz Stanula, Piotr Snopkowski, Tomasz Pałka, Janusz Jaworski, Dorota Ambroży, Łukasz Rydzik, and Wojciech Cynarski. 2020. "The Effects of Intermittent Hypoxic Training on Anaerobic and Aerobic Power in Boxers" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 24: 9361. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249361

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