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Article

Is Adiposity Associated with the Quality of Movement Patterns in the Mid-Adolescent Period?

1
Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2
Faculty Research Centre for Sport, Exercise and Life Sciences, Coventry University, Coventry CV1 5FB, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(24), 9230; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249230
Received: 16 November 2020 / Revised: 8 December 2020 / Accepted: 9 December 2020 / Published: 10 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Children, Physical Activity, Exercise and Obesity)
This study examined the association between functional movement (FM) and adiposity in adolescent population (16–17 years). This study was conducted in a representative sample of urban adolescents as the part of the CRO-PALS longitudinal study (n = 652). Body mass index (BMI), a sum of four skinfolds (S4S), waist and hip circumference were measured, and FM was assessed via Functional Movement ScreenTM (FMSTM). Furthermore, total FMSTM screen was indicator of FM with the composite score ranged from 7 to 21, with higher score indicating better FM. Multilevel analysis was employed to determine the relationship between different predictors and total FMS score. In boys, after controlling for age, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, and socioeconomic status, total FMS score was inversely associated only with BMI (β = −0.18, p < 0.0001), S4S (β = −0.04, p < 0.0001), waist circumference (β = −0.08, p < 0.0001), and hip circumference (β = −0.09, p < 0.0001). However, among girls, in adjusted models, total FMS score was inversely associated with S4S (β = −0.03, p < 0.0001), while BMI (β = −0.05, p = 0.23), waist circumference (β = −0.04, p = 0.06), and hip circumference: (β = −0.01, p = 0.70) failed to reach statistical significance. Results showed that the association between adiposity and FM in adolescence is sex-specific, suggesting that boys with overweight and obesity could be more prone to develop dysfunctional movement patterns. Therefore, exercise interventions directed toward correcting dysfunctional movement patterns should be sex-specific, targeting more boys with overweight and obesity rather than adolescent girls with excess weight. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; paediatric exercise; motor control; motor coordination; motor competence; movement competence obesity; paediatric exercise; motor control; motor coordination; motor competence; movement competence
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MDPI and ACS Style

Karuc, J.; Marković, G.; Mišigoj-Duraković, M.; Duncan, M.J.; Sorić, M. Is Adiposity Associated with the Quality of Movement Patterns in the Mid-Adolescent Period? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 9230. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249230

AMA Style

Karuc J, Marković G, Mišigoj-Duraković M, Duncan MJ, Sorić M. Is Adiposity Associated with the Quality of Movement Patterns in the Mid-Adolescent Period? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(24):9230. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249230

Chicago/Turabian Style

Karuc, Josip, Goran Marković, Marjeta Mišigoj-Duraković, Michael J. Duncan, and Maroje Sorić. 2020. "Is Adiposity Associated with the Quality of Movement Patterns in the Mid-Adolescent Period?" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 24: 9230. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249230

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