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The Preliminary Effects of a Multi-Recess School Intervention: Using Accelerometers to Measure Physical Activity Patterns in Elementary Children

Kinesiology Department, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, TX 76129, USA
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(23), 8919; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238919
Received: 28 October 2020 / Revised: 26 November 2020 / Accepted: 28 November 2020 / Published: 30 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health, Physical Activity and Performance in Youth)
This pilot study used accelerometers to investigate the effectiveness of a multiple recess school intervention on physical activity patterns in younger elementary children using a post-test only with nonequivalent groups design. First and second grade students (N = 157) participating in a larger study, the LiiNK Project® (Let’s inspire innovation ‘N Kids), wore accelerometers for the duration of the school day for two weeks to measure physical activity intensity and number of steps taken daily. Students attended either an intervention school (N = 90), participating in four 15-min unstructured, outdoor recesses and one 15-min character development lesson daily, or a control school (N = 67), participating in two 15-min unstructured, outdoor recesses daily and no character development program. The intervention students, grades 1 and 2, took more steps (p < 0.001) and time spent in moderate (p < 0.001) and vigorous (p < 0.001) physical activity (MVPA) than the control school students. Intervention students averaged approximately 900 more steps per day than the control school students. These results show young children given 60 min of recess daily continue to increase physical activity patterns over those with 30 min of recess daily. Next steps are to evaluate if children demonstrate healthier body fat levels as a result of these higher patterns of MVPA daily. View Full-Text
Keywords: accelerometers; children; intervention; physical activity; recess; school; steps accelerometers; children; intervention; physical activity; recess; school; steps
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MDPI and ACS Style

Farbo, D.; Maler, L.C.; Rhea, D.J. The Preliminary Effects of a Multi-Recess School Intervention: Using Accelerometers to Measure Physical Activity Patterns in Elementary Children. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8919.

AMA Style

Farbo D, Maler LC, Rhea DJ. The Preliminary Effects of a Multi-Recess School Intervention: Using Accelerometers to Measure Physical Activity Patterns in Elementary Children. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(23):8919.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Farbo, David; Maler, Laura C.; Rhea, Deborah J. 2020. "The Preliminary Effects of a Multi-Recess School Intervention: Using Accelerometers to Measure Physical Activity Patterns in Elementary Children" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 23: 8919.

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