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Open AccessArticle

Cross-Cultural Adaptation, Validation and Reliability of the Spanish Satisfaction with Daily Occupations-Occupational Balance (SDO-OB): An Evaluation Tool for People with Mental Disorders

1
Research Group GrEUIT., Escola Universitària d’Infermeria i Teràpia Ocupacional de Terrassa (EUIT), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08221 Terrassa, Spain
2
Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, 221 00 Lund, Sweden
3
Research Group on Methodology, Methods, Models and Outcomes of Health and Social Sciences (M3O), Faculty of Health Science and Welfare, University of Vic-Central University of Catalonia (UVIC-UCC), 08500 Vic, Spain
4
Research Group InTeO, Department of Pathology and Surgery, Miguel Hernández University of Elche, 03550 Alicante, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(23), 8906; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238906
Received: 14 October 2020 / Revised: 22 November 2020 / Accepted: 26 November 2020 / Published: 30 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Instruments for Measuring Health)
Occupation can be defined as all activities that occupy a person’s time. The Satisfaction with Daily Occupations and Occupational Balance instrument evaluates the perceived satisfaction with performance and the balance in time dedicated to different occupations. The main aim was to translate the original instrument to Spanish and examine and establish the psychometric properties. This is a quantitative, cross-sectional study conducted in two stages: translation and cultural adaptation (forward translation, expert panel, back-translation, second expert panel and pre-testing and cognitive interviewing) and collecting data to evaluate psychometric properties (homogeneity, construct validity, known-groups validity, and floor/ceiling effects). One hundred participants took part in the study, adults with a diagnosis of a mental health disorder and adults without any known health problems. The Spanish version showed known-groups validity, acceptable internal consistency, and construct validity, although the relationships with some of the indicators of discriminant validity were somewhat higher than expected. The instrument shows promise as a useful screening tool for assessing activity level and satisfaction with daily occupations among a Spanish speaking population. View Full-Text
Keywords: occupation; occupational balance; instrument; adaptation; validation; reliability; psychometric assessment occupation; occupational balance; instrument; adaptation; validation; reliability; psychometric assessment
MDPI and ACS Style

Vidaña-Moya, L.; Eklund, M.; Merchán-Baeza, J.A.; Peral-Gómez, P.; Zango-Martín, I.; Hultqvist, J. Cross-Cultural Adaptation, Validation and Reliability of the Spanish Satisfaction with Daily Occupations-Occupational Balance (SDO-OB): An Evaluation Tool for People with Mental Disorders. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8906.

AMA Style

Vidaña-Moya L, Eklund M, Merchán-Baeza JA, Peral-Gómez P, Zango-Martín I, Hultqvist J. Cross-Cultural Adaptation, Validation and Reliability of the Spanish Satisfaction with Daily Occupations-Occupational Balance (SDO-OB): An Evaluation Tool for People with Mental Disorders. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(23):8906.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vidaña-Moya, Laura; Eklund, Mona; Merchán-Baeza, Jose A.; Peral-Gómez, Paula; Zango-Martín, Inmaculada; Hultqvist, Jenny. 2020. "Cross-Cultural Adaptation, Validation and Reliability of the Spanish Satisfaction with Daily Occupations-Occupational Balance (SDO-OB): An Evaluation Tool for People with Mental Disorders" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 23: 8906.

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