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Article

Effect of Instability and Bodyweight Neuromuscular Training on Dynamic Balance Control in Active Young Adults

1
Faculty of Education and Sport Sciences, University of Vigo, Campus A Xunqueira, Pontevedra, 36005 Pontevedra, Spain
2
Escola Superior Desporto e Lazer, Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo, Rua Escola Industrial e Comercial de Nun’Álvares, 4900-347 Viana do Castelo, Portugal
3
Research Center in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences & Human Development, CIDESD, 5001-801 Vila Real, Portugal
4
Instituto de Telecomunicações, Delegação da Covilhã, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal
5
Instituto Politécnico da Guarda, 6300-559 Guarda, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current Address: Complexo Desportivo e de Lazer Comendador Rui Solheiro, Monte de Prado, 4960-320 Melgaço, Portugal.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(23), 8879; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238879
Received: 17 October 2020 / Revised: 25 November 2020 / Accepted: 26 November 2020 / Published: 29 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exercise Testing: The Past, Present and Future)
The aims of this study were to analyse the effects of unstable and stable bodyweight neuromuscular training on dynamic balance control and to analyse the between-group differences after the training period. Seventy-seven physically active young adults (48 males, 29 females, 19.1 ± 1.1 years, 170.2 ± 9.2 cm, 64.1 ± 10.7 kg) were distributed into an unstable training group (UTG), a stable training group (STG), and a control group (CG). Training was conducted three times a week for nine weeks. Pre-intervention and post-intervention measures included dynamic balance control using a Y Balance Test (YBT), anterior (A), posteromedial (PM), and posterolateral (PL) reach direction. A mixed ANOVA was executed to test the within-subjects factor and the between-subjects factor. Statistically significant differences were found for all YBT measures within groups (p = 0.01) and between groups (p = 0.01). After the intervention, UTG and STG presented meaningfully improved results in all YBT measures (A: 7%, p = 0.01; 4%, p = 0.02, PM: 8%, p = 0.01; 5%, p = 0.01, PL: 8%, p = 0.01; 4%, p = 0.04, respectively). No statistical changes were found for any of the measures in the CG. After the intervention, significant differences were observed between the UTG and CG for the YBTA and PM (p = 0.03; p = 0.01). The results suggest that neuromuscular training using an unstable surface had similar effects on dynamic balance control as training using a stable surface. When compared to CG, UTG showed better performance in YBTA and PM. View Full-Text
Keywords: balance control; Y balance test; training; unstable surface; universitarians balance control; Y balance test; training; unstable surface; universitarians
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gonçalves, C.; Bezerra, P.; Clemente, F.M.; Vila-Chã, C.; Leão, C.; Brandão, A.; Cancela, J.M. Effect of Instability and Bodyweight Neuromuscular Training on Dynamic Balance Control in Active Young Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8879. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238879

AMA Style

Gonçalves C, Bezerra P, Clemente FM, Vila-Chã C, Leão C, Brandão A, Cancela JM. Effect of Instability and Bodyweight Neuromuscular Training on Dynamic Balance Control in Active Young Adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(23):8879. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238879

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gonçalves, Carla, Pedro Bezerra, Filipe Manuel Clemente, Carolina Vila-Chã, Cesar Leão, António Brandão, and Jose M. Cancela. 2020. "Effect of Instability and Bodyweight Neuromuscular Training on Dynamic Balance Control in Active Young Adults" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 23: 8879. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238879

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