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Article

Sociodemographic and Clinical Characteristics Associated with Suicidal Behaviour and Relationship with a Nurse-Led Suicide Prevention Programme

1
Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, Consorci Hospitalari de Vic, 08500 Vic, Spain
2
Faculty of Health Sciences and Wellbeing, University of Vic—Central University of Catalonia, 08500 Vic, Spain
3
Interinstitutional Research Group, Department of Mental Health and Social Innovation, 08500 Vic, Spain
4
Health and Healthcare Research Group, Department of Nursing, University of Girona, 17003 Girona, Spain
5
Vic Forensic Medicine Department, Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences of Catalonia, 08500 Vic, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(23), 8765; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238765
Received: 8 October 2020 / Revised: 13 November 2020 / Accepted: 24 November 2020 / Published: 25 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Nursing)
Suicidal behaviour is a major public health problem that needs to be tackled by all health agents including mental health nurses. Aims: The purpose of this study was to analyse the relationship between demographic and clinical characteristics and different kinds of suicidal behaviour with a nurse-led suicide prevention programme. Methods: The design was a cross-sectional study, performed in the region of Osona (Catalonia) in the five-year period 2013–2017. Suicidal behaviour was classified as suicidal ideation, interrupted self-directed violence, suicide attempt or completed suicide. Results: The sample included 753 patients (of whom 53 completed suicide) who experienced 931 suicidal behaviour episodes. Men represented only 38.4% of the sample but 81.1% of completed suicides. Mental disorders were associated with suicidal behaviour in 75.4% of the sample. Two thirds (66.4%) of the individuals (0.8% (n = 4) of whom completed suicide) were participants in a nurse-led suicidal behaviour case management programme. Conclusion: The main risk factors were being a woman for suicidal behaviour and being a man and being older for completed suicide. Mental disorders, widowhood and retirement were also associated with completed suicide. The completed suicide rate was lower among participants in the nurse-led programme. View Full-Text
Keywords: preventive health services; psychiatric nursing; risk factors; suicidal ideation; suicide; attempted; suicide; completed preventive health services; psychiatric nursing; risk factors; suicidal ideation; suicide; attempted; suicide; completed
MDPI and ACS Style

Pons-Baños, J.; Ballester-Ferrando, D.; Riesco-Miranda, L.; Escoté-Llobet, S.; Jiménez-Nuño, J.; Fuentes-Pumarola, C.; Serra-Millàs, M. Sociodemographic and Clinical Characteristics Associated with Suicidal Behaviour and Relationship with a Nurse-Led Suicide Prevention Programme. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8765. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238765

AMA Style

Pons-Baños J, Ballester-Ferrando D, Riesco-Miranda L, Escoté-Llobet S, Jiménez-Nuño J, Fuentes-Pumarola C, Serra-Millàs M. Sociodemographic and Clinical Characteristics Associated with Suicidal Behaviour and Relationship with a Nurse-Led Suicide Prevention Programme. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(23):8765. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238765

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pons-Baños, Judit, David Ballester-Ferrando, Lola Riesco-Miranda, Santiago Escoté-Llobet, Jordi Jiménez-Nuño, Concepció Fuentes-Pumarola, and Montserrat Serra-Millàs. 2020. "Sociodemographic and Clinical Characteristics Associated with Suicidal Behaviour and Relationship with a Nurse-Led Suicide Prevention Programme" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 23: 8765. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238765

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