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Review

Second Wave of COVID-19 Global Pandemic and Athletes’ Confinement: Recommendations to Better Manage and Optimize the Modified Lifestyle

1
Tunisian Research Laboratory “Sport Performance Optimisation”, National Centre of Medicine and Science in Sport (CNMSS), Tunis 1004, Tunisia
2
High Institute of Sport and Physical Education, Ksar-Saïd, Manouba University, Tunis 2010, Tunisia
3
Board Advisor & Debate Trainer, Drabzeen Academy, The International Institute of Debate, Tunis 1002, Tunisia
4
Faculty of Legal, Political and Social Sciences of Tunis, University of Carthage, Tunis 1054, Tunisia
5
School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s, NL A1C 5S7, Canada
6
Sports Performance Research Institute, AUT University, Auckland 1010, New Zealand
7
High Institute of Sport and Physical Education, Sfax University, Sfax 3000, Tunisia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(22), 8385; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228385
Received: 1 September 2020 / Revised: 24 September 2020 / Accepted: 28 September 2020 / Published: 12 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The COVID-19 Pandemic in Europe: Response to Challenges)
Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious viral disease that has spread globally, resulting in the ongoing pandemic. Currently, there is no vaccine or specific treatment for COVID-19. Preventive measures to reduce the chances of contagion consist mainly of confinement, avoiding crowded places, social distancing, masks, and applying strict personal hygiene as recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). After the first wave of infection in many countries, the potential effects of relaxing containment and physical distancing control measures suggest that as a result of these measures, a second wave of COVID-19 appears probable in these countries. In sport, the period of self-isolation, and quarantine, for COVID-19 affects the physical preparation of athletes as well as their mental health and quality of life to an even greater extent (i.e., nutrition, sleep, healthy lifestyle), and thus, relevant and practical recommendations are needed to help alleviate these physical and mental health concerns. Our review aims to summarize the physiological and psychological effects of detraining associated with athletes’ confinement during the proposed second wave of COVID-19. This article also proposes answers to questions that concern the advantages and disadvantages of different types of social media platforms, the importance of nutrition, and the effects of sleep disturbance on the health and modified lifestyle of athletes during this worldwide pandemic. Thus, this review provides some general guidelines to better manage their modified lifestyle and optimally maintain their physical and mental fitness with respect to measures taken during this restrictive proposed second wave of the COVID-19 confinement period. View Full-Text
Keywords: coronavirus; athletes’ confinement; training camp; performance; detraining; social networks; health; sports nutrition; sleep coronavirus; athletes’ confinement; training camp; performance; detraining; social networks; health; sports nutrition; sleep
MDPI and ACS Style

Tayech, A.; Mejri, M.A.; Makhlouf, I.; Mathlouthi, A.; Behm, D.G.; Chaouachi, A. Second Wave of COVID-19 Global Pandemic and Athletes’ Confinement: Recommendations to Better Manage and Optimize the Modified Lifestyle. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8385. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228385

AMA Style

Tayech A, Mejri MA, Makhlouf I, Mathlouthi A, Behm DG, Chaouachi A. Second Wave of COVID-19 Global Pandemic and Athletes’ Confinement: Recommendations to Better Manage and Optimize the Modified Lifestyle. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(22):8385. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228385

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tayech, Amel, Mohamed A. Mejri, Issam Makhlouf, Ameni Mathlouthi, David G. Behm, and Anis Chaouachi. 2020. "Second Wave of COVID-19 Global Pandemic and Athletes’ Confinement: Recommendations to Better Manage and Optimize the Modified Lifestyle" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 22: 8385. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228385

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