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Open AccessArticle

Investigating the Associations among Drug Dependents’ Family Function and Exercise Attitudes: Marital Status Differences

1
School of Leisure, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai 200438, China
2
School of Kinesiology, University of Minnesota-Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
3
School of Psychology, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai 200438, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(21), 8111; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218111
Received: 5 August 2020 / Revised: 31 October 2020 / Accepted: 1 November 2020 / Published: 3 November 2020
This paper examines: (1) The demographic characteristics of different marital statuses of drug dependents; (2) differences in exercise attitudes and family function by marital status; and (3) if family function factors correlated with exercise attitudes and if exercise attitude factors correlated with family function. Multivariate analyses of variance (MANOVAs) revealed significant differences in drug dependents’ exercise attitudes between married and single groups (p < 0.05) and the married and “other” groups (p < 0.01). Furthermore, we observed significant differences in drug dependents’ family function between married and single groups (p < 0.01) and married and other groups (p < 0.05). Regression analyses indicated that communication [Fchange(1,1791) = 137.819; p < 0.001] was a significant positive predictor for drug dependents’ exercise attitude, accounting for 7.1% of the observed variance. Moreover, 50% of the variance was explained by willingness [Fchange(1,1791) = 850.49, p < 0.001] and control [Fchange(1,1790) = 141.415, p < 0.001], which were two significant predictors of drug dependents’ family function. Findings of this study were: (1) Exercise attitude and family function of married drug dependents were better than single drug dependents and other marital status addicts; (2) communication was observed as a factor of family function that correlated with exercise attitude; and (3) willingness was related with family function. View Full-Text
Keywords: behavior control; drug addiction; drug dependence; drug rehabilitation; physical activity and exercise behavior control; drug addiction; drug dependence; drug rehabilitation; physical activity and exercise
MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, J.; McDonough, D.J.; Wang, Y.; Zhou, Y.; Gao, Z.; Zhou, C. Investigating the Associations among Drug Dependents’ Family Function and Exercise Attitudes: Marital Status Differences. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8111. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218111

AMA Style

Liu J, McDonough DJ, Wang Y, Zhou Y, Gao Z, Zhou C. Investigating the Associations among Drug Dependents’ Family Function and Exercise Attitudes: Marital Status Differences. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(21):8111. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218111

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Jianing; McDonough, Daniel J.; Wang, Yingying; Zhou, Yu; Gao, Zan; Zhou, Chenglin. 2020. "Investigating the Associations among Drug Dependents’ Family Function and Exercise Attitudes: Marital Status Differences" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 21: 8111. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218111

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