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Open AccessReview

Increasing HPV Vaccination Uptake among Adolescents: A Systematic Review

1
Section of Hygiene, University Department of Life Sciences and Public Health, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, 00168 Rome, Italy
2
Unità Operativa Complessa Direzione Sanitaria S. Spirito e Nuovo Regina Margherita, Local Health Unit ASL RM1, 00193 Rome, Italy
3
VIHTALI (Value in Health Technology and Academy for Leadership & Innovation), Spin-Off of Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, 00168 Rome, Italy
4
Department of Woman and Child Health and Public Health—Public Health Area, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, 00168 Roma, Italy
5
Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Perugia, 06132 Perugia, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(21), 7997; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217997
Received: 27 August 2020 / Revised: 2 October 2020 / Accepted: 27 October 2020 / Published: 30 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers in Women's Health)
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination is a well-known fundamental strategy in the prevention of cervical cancer, as it is always caused by HPV infection. In fact, primary prevention of the infection corresponds to primary prevention of HPV-related cancers and other diseases. Since an effective prevention at the population level is the final goal, it is mandatory for healthcare systems to achieve a high HPV vaccination coverage among the adolescents to reduce the circulation of the virus and the burden of HPV-related diseases. This research identified, through a systematic literature review, 38 papers on strategies adopted to increase HPV vaccination coverage among adolescents. The evaluated strategies targeted adolescents/parents and/or healthcare providers and could be grouped in three main types: (1) reminder-based, (2) education, information, and communication activities, and (3) multicomponent strategies. Several types of strategy, such as those relied only on reminders and integrating different interventions, showed a positive impact on vaccination coverage. Nonetheless, the heterogeneity of the interventions suggests the importance to adapt such strategies to the specific national/local contexts to maximize vaccination coverage. View Full-Text
Keywords: systematic review; HPV vaccination; increasing coverage systematic review; HPV vaccination; increasing coverage
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MDPI and ACS Style

Acampora, A.; Grossi, A.; Barbara, A.; Colamesta, V.; Causio, F.A.; Calabrò, G.E.; Boccia, S.; de Waure, C. Increasing HPV Vaccination Uptake among Adolescents: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7997. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217997

AMA Style

Acampora A, Grossi A, Barbara A, Colamesta V, Causio FA, Calabrò GE, Boccia S, de Waure C. Increasing HPV Vaccination Uptake among Adolescents: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(21):7997. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217997

Chicago/Turabian Style

Acampora, Anna; Grossi, Adriano; Barbara, Andrea; Colamesta, Vittoria; Causio, Francesco A.; Calabrò, Giovanna E.; Boccia, Stefania; de Waure, Chiara. 2020. "Increasing HPV Vaccination Uptake among Adolescents: A Systematic Review" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 21: 7997. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217997

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