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Article

The Development of a Public Bathroom Perception Scale

1
Departamento de Psicología, Facultad Salud, Universidad Camilo José Cela, 28692 Madrid, Spain
2
Departamento de Psicología y Sociología, Universidad de Zaragoza, 44003 Teruel, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(21), 7817; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217817
Received: 16 September 2020 / Revised: 16 October 2020 / Accepted: 22 October 2020 / Published: 26 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Health Care Sciences & Services)
Public bathrooms are sensible locations in which individuals confront an intimate environment outside the comfort of their own home. The assessment of public bathrooms is especially problematic for people whose illnesses make them more prone to needing this service. Unfortunately, there is a lack in the evaluation of the elements that are relevant to the user’s perspective. For that reason, we propose a new scale to assess these elements of evaluation of public bathrooms. We developed a scale of 14 items and three domains: privacy, ease of use and cleanliness. We tested the factor validity of this three-factor solution (n = 654) on a sample of healthy individuals and 155 respondents with a bowel illness or other affection that reported to be bathroom-dependent. We found that bathroom-dependent people value more privacy and cleanliness more than their healthy counterparts. We additionally found a gender effect on the scale: female participants scored higher in every domain. This study provides the first scale to assess value concerning public bathrooms and to highlight the relevance of different bathrooms’ aspects to users. View Full-Text
Keywords: health psychology; environment evaluation; psychometrics; scale development; well-being; bathrooms; inflammatory bowel diseases health psychology; environment evaluation; psychometrics; scale development; well-being; bathrooms; inflammatory bowel diseases
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MDPI and ACS Style

Corradi, G.; Garcia-Garzon, E.; Barrada, J.R. The Development of a Public Bathroom Perception Scale. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7817. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217817

AMA Style

Corradi G, Garcia-Garzon E, Barrada JR. The Development of a Public Bathroom Perception Scale. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(21):7817. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217817

Chicago/Turabian Style

Corradi, Guido, Eduardo Garcia-Garzon, and Juan R. Barrada 2020. "The Development of a Public Bathroom Perception Scale" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 21: 7817. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217817

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