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Article

MALDI-MSI—A Step Forward in Overcoming the Diagnostic Challenges in Ovarian Tumors

1
Department of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 6 Grunwaldzka Street, 60-780 Poznan, Poland
2
Gynecologic Oncology Department, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 33 Polna Street, 60-535 Poznan, Poland
3
Department of Pathology Gynecological and Obstetric Clinical Hospital, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 33 Polna Street, 60-535 Poznan, Poland
4
Faculty of Health Sciences, Calisia University, 13 Kaszubska Street, 62-800 Kalisz, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(20), 7564; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207564
Received: 15 September 2020 / Revised: 15 October 2020 / Accepted: 16 October 2020 / Published: 18 October 2020
This study presents the use of matrix-assisted laser desorption and ionization mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-MSI) directly on the tissue of two ovarian tumors that often present a diagnostic challenge, a low-grade serous borderline ovarian tumor and ovarian fibrothecoma. Different spatial distribution of m/z values within the tissue samples was observed, and regiospecific peaks were identified. Among the 106 peaks in the borderline ovarian tumor five, regiospecific peaks (m/z: 2861.35; 2775.79; 3368.34; 3438.43; 4936.37) were selected using FlexImaging software. Subsequently, the distribution of those selected peaks was visualized on the fibrothecoma tissue section, which demonstrated the differences in the tissue homo-/heterogeneous structure of both tumors. The comparison with the histopathological staining of the ovarian borderline tumor tissue section, obtained during serial sectioning, showed a close correlation of the molecular map with the morphological and histopathological features of the tissue and allowed the identification of different tissue types within the sample. This study highlights the potential significance of MSI in enabling morphological characterization of ovarian tumors as well as correct diagnosis and further prognosis than thus far seen in the literature. Osteopontin, tropomyosin and orosomucoid are only a couple of the molecules investigated using MALDI-MSI in ovarian cancer research. This study, in line with the available literature, proves the potential of MALDI-MSI to overcome the current limitations of classic histopathological examination giving a more in-depth insight into the tissue structure and thus lead to the more accurate differential diagnosis of ovarian tumors, especially in the most challenging cases. View Full-Text
Keywords: proteomics; mass spectrometry; MALDI-MSI; tissue imaging; ovarian tumors proteomics; mass spectrometry; MALDI-MSI; tissue imaging; ovarian tumors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pietkiewicz, D.; Horała, A.; Plewa, S.; Jasiński, P.; Nowak-Markwitz, E.; Kokot, Z.J.; Matysiak, J. MALDI-MSI—A Step Forward in Overcoming the Diagnostic Challenges in Ovarian Tumors. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7564. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207564

AMA Style

Pietkiewicz D, Horała A, Plewa S, Jasiński P, Nowak-Markwitz E, Kokot ZJ, Matysiak J. MALDI-MSI—A Step Forward in Overcoming the Diagnostic Challenges in Ovarian Tumors. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(20):7564. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207564

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pietkiewicz, Dagmara, Agnieszka Horała, Szymon Plewa, Piotr Jasiński, Ewa Nowak-Markwitz, Zenon J. Kokot, and Jan Matysiak. 2020. "MALDI-MSI—A Step Forward in Overcoming the Diagnostic Challenges in Ovarian Tumors" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 20: 7564. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207564

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