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Article

Voluntary Smoke-Free Home Rules and Exposure to Secondhand Smoke in Poland: A National Cross-Sectional Survey

1
School of Public Health, Centre of Postgraduate Medical Education, 01-826 Warsaw, Poland
2
Center for Global Tobacco Control, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
3
Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Medical University of Lodz, 90-647 Łódź, Poland
4
UHE Satellite Campus in Warsaw, University of Humanities and Economics in Łódź, 01-513 Warsaw, Poland
5
Department of the Prevention of Environmental Hazards and Allergology, Medical University of Warsaw, 02-091 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(20), 7502; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207502
Received: 2 September 2020 / Revised: 1 October 2020 / Accepted: 13 October 2020 / Published: 15 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Health Behaviors, Risk Factors, NCDs and Health Promotion)
Smoke-free policies have been shown to significantly reduce secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure in private and public places. The objectives of this study were to: (1) to assess the prevalence and characteristics of voluntary smoke-free home rules in Poland; and (2) assess the association of smoke-free rules with self-reported SHS exposure in private homes. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in September 2019 with a nationally representative sample of 1011 individuals aged 15 and over. Nationally, 66.1% of individuals had a 100% smoke-free home rule (78.9% of non-smokers and 18.6% of smokers; p < 0.001), while a further 24.6% had adopted a partial home smoking rule. SHS exposure in the home during past month was reported by 6.1% of respondents (11.5% of smokers and 4.5% of non-smokers; p < 0.001). The lowest level of SHS exposure (1.8%) was observed among respondents who had implemented a full smoke-free home rule. Non-smokers had higher odds of having adopted a total smoke-free home rule compared with smokers (aOR: 19.17; 95% CI: 12.89–28.50). Moreover, non-smokers had lower odds (aOR: 0.35; 95% CI: 0.20–0.61; p < 0.001) of self-reporting SHS smoke exposure at home. Although two-thirds of the Polish population have adopted a full smoke-free home rule in their homes, smokers continue to lag in adoption rates relative to non-smokers. View Full-Text
Keywords: secondhand smoke; smoke-free policy; exposure; tobacco control; prevalence; smoke-free home rule; smoking ban secondhand smoke; smoke-free policy; exposure; tobacco control; prevalence; smoke-free home rule; smoking ban
MDPI and ACS Style

Jankowski, M.; Pinkas, J.; Zgliczyński, W.S.; Kaleta, D.; Wierzba, W.; Gujski, M.; Rees, V.W. Voluntary Smoke-Free Home Rules and Exposure to Secondhand Smoke in Poland: A National Cross-Sectional Survey. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7502. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207502

AMA Style

Jankowski M, Pinkas J, Zgliczyński WS, Kaleta D, Wierzba W, Gujski M, Rees VW. Voluntary Smoke-Free Home Rules and Exposure to Secondhand Smoke in Poland: A National Cross-Sectional Survey. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(20):7502. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207502

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jankowski, Mateusz, Jarosław Pinkas, Wojciech S. Zgliczyński, Dorota Kaleta, Waldemar Wierzba, Mariusz Gujski, and Vaughan W. Rees 2020. "Voluntary Smoke-Free Home Rules and Exposure to Secondhand Smoke in Poland: A National Cross-Sectional Survey" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 20: 7502. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207502

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