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Open AccessArticle

Prevalence and Interpersonal Correlates of Internet Gaming Disorders among Chinese Adolescents

1
Centre for Health Behaviours Research, Jockey Club School of Public Health and Primary Care, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
2
The Chinese University of Hong Kong Shenzhen Research Institute, Shenzhen 518172, China
3
School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China
4
School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200025, China
5
School of Public Health, Xi’an Jiao Tong University Health Science Center, Xi’an 710061, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(2), 579; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020579
Received: 22 December 2019 / Revised: 13 January 2020 / Accepted: 15 January 2020 / Published: 16 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Internet-Related Addictions and Health)
This study investigated the prevalence and interpersonal correlates of Internet gaming disorders (IGD) among Chinese adolescents. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in two cities (Shanghai and Xi’an) in China. A total of 2666 (Meanage = 12.77 ± 0.75) year-one students from eight middle schools completed a self-reported questionnaire. It tested their levels of IGD, parental psychological control, negative interpersonal events (physical/verbal abuse by parents, verbal abuse by teachers, peer/online bullying), social support from parents/peers, and positive relationships with parents/peers. Results showed that 346 participants (13.0%) were classified as having IGD. Gender, city, single-parent family, family socio-economic status, and mother’s education level were significantly associated with the risk of IGD. Logistic regression analyses with and without controlling for the significant background variables showed that the studied interpersonal variables were significantly associated with IGD, respectively. Forward stepwise logistic regression showed that the significant correlates of IGD included parental psychological control, physical/verbal abuse by parents, verbal abuse by teachers, and peer/online bullying. Results highlight the importance of addressing interpersonal risk factors to reduce adolescent IGD. Limitations and implications of this study are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescent IGD; parental factors; peers; teachers; protective factors; risk factors adolescent IGD; parental factors; peers; teachers; protective factors; risk factors
MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, X.; Jiang, X.; Mo, P. .-H.; Cai, Y.; Ma, L.; Lau, J. .-F. Prevalence and Interpersonal Correlates of Internet Gaming Disorders among Chinese Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 579.

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