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Open AccessArticle

Perceived Determinants of Children’s Inadequate Sleep Health. A Concept Mapping Study among Professionals

1
Department of Public and Occupational Health, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
2
Sarphati Amsterdam, Public Health Service (GGD), City of Amsterdam, Nieuwe Achtergracht 100, 1018 WT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
3
Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Science and Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(19), 7315; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197315
Received: 3 September 2020 / Revised: 25 September 2020 / Accepted: 27 September 2020 / Published: 7 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Feature Papers in Children's Health)
An increasing number of children experience inadequate sleep, which negatively effects their health. To promote healthy sleep among children, it is essential to understand the underlying determinants. This online concept mapping study therefore explores potential determinants of children’s inadequate sleep as perceived by professionals with expertise in the sleep health of children aged 4–12 years. Participants (n = 27) were divided in three groups: (1) doctors (n = 9); (2) nurses (n = 11); (3) sleep experts (n = 7). Participants generated potential determinants (i.e., ideas) of children’s inadequate sleep. Subsequently, they sorted all ideas by relatedness and rated their importance. These data were analysed using multidimensional scaling and hierarchical cluster analysis. The results of all three groups were combined and validated by an additional group of professionals (n = 16). A large variety of perceived determinants were identified. The most important determinants perceived by all groups belonged to the categories psychosocial determinants (i.e., worrying, a change in daily life), daytime and evening activities (i.e., screen use before bedtime, stimulating game play before bedtime, inadequate amount of daytime physical activity), and pedagogical determinants (i.e., inconsistent sleep schedule, lack of a bedtime routine). These perspectives are valuable for future longitudinal studies on the determinants of children’s sleep and the development of future healthy sleep interventions. View Full-Text
Keywords: sleep; professionals; childhood; children; determinants; factors; concept mapping; child public health; child health care sleep; professionals; childhood; children; determinants; factors; concept mapping; child public health; child health care
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MDPI and ACS Style

Belmon, L.S.; Brasser, F.B.; Busch, V.; van Stralen, M.M.; Harmsen, I.A.; Chinapaw, M.J.M. Perceived Determinants of Children’s Inadequate Sleep Health. A Concept Mapping Study among Professionals. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7315. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197315

AMA Style

Belmon LS, Brasser FB, Busch V, van Stralen MM, Harmsen IA, Chinapaw MJM. Perceived Determinants of Children’s Inadequate Sleep Health. A Concept Mapping Study among Professionals. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(19):7315. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197315

Chicago/Turabian Style

Belmon, Laura S.; Brasser, Fay B.; Busch, Vincent; van Stralen, Maartje M.; Harmsen, Irene A.; Chinapaw, Mai J.M. 2020. "Perceived Determinants of Children’s Inadequate Sleep Health. A Concept Mapping Study among Professionals" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 19: 7315. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197315

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