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Explaining Local Residents’ Attitudes toward Shale Gas Exploitation: The Mediating Roles of Risk and Benefit Perceptions

International Business School, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710119, China
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(19), 7268; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197268
Received: 4 September 2020 / Revised: 2 October 2020 / Accepted: 3 October 2020 / Published: 5 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Public Health Statistics and Risk Assessment)
Using Fishbein’s multi-attribute model, this paper proposes that the impact of socio-demographic and psychosocial factors on local residents’ overall attitude toward shale gas exploitation (SGE) is mediated by their risk and benefit perceptions. The proposition has been validated with the generalized structural equation modeling approach with a cross-sectional dataset of 825 residents from China’s Fuling shale gas field. Results indicate that the influence of benefit perception on residents’ overall attitude outweighs that of risk perception. Moreover, residents’ perceived fairness, affective feeling, and trust in regulatory agencies have positive influences on their overall attitude, primarily via their risk and benefit perceptions, in decreasing order of influences. Finally, we also find that residents’ attitudes have been significantly influenced by their socio-demographic factors, including age, residential area, and political ideology. Thus, our study extends the literature with theoretical and empirical models by exploring the influences factors of local residents’ attitudes toward SGE, and results from our empirical survey provide insight into policy design to promote the acceptance of SGE. View Full-Text
Keywords: shale gas exploitation; multi-attribute model; generalized structural equation modeling; risk perception; benefit perception; mediation analysis shale gas exploitation; multi-attribute model; generalized structural equation modeling; risk perception; benefit perception; mediation analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yao, L.; Zhang, Q.; Lai, K.K.; Cao, X. Explaining Local Residents’ Attitudes toward Shale Gas Exploitation: The Mediating Roles of Risk and Benefit Perceptions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7268.

AMA Style

Yao L, Zhang Q, Lai KK, Cao X. Explaining Local Residents’ Attitudes toward Shale Gas Exploitation: The Mediating Roles of Risk and Benefit Perceptions. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(19):7268.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yao, Liuyang; Zhang, Qian; Lai, Kin K.; Cao, Xianyu. 2020. "Explaining Local Residents’ Attitudes toward Shale Gas Exploitation: The Mediating Roles of Risk and Benefit Perceptions" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 19: 7268.

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