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Open AccessArticle

Children with Developmental Disabilities in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: More Neglected and Physically Punished

1
Department of Psychology and Cognitive Science, University of Trento, 38068 Rovereto, Italy
2
Psychology Program, School of Social Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 636921, Singapore
3
Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 636921, Singapore
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(19), 7009; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197009
Received: 28 August 2020 / Revised: 16 September 2020 / Accepted: 22 September 2020 / Published: 25 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Global Public Health and Epidemiology)
Little is known about parenting in the context of developmental disabilities in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), penalized by both lack of data and a research bias toward western societies. In this study, we apply data mining methods on a large (N = 25,048) dataset from UNICEF to highlight patterns of association between developmental disabilities of children and parental involvement. We focus on the co-presence of multiple disabilities and the quality of childcare in three parenting domains: discipline, caregiving, and education. Our results show that, in LMIC, children with more severe developmental conditions are also more likely to receive low-quality parental care. Specific policies of parental training are needed to improve parental practices in LMIC. View Full-Text
Keywords: developmental disabilities; parental involvement; low middle income countries; caregiving; child discipline; child education developmental disabilities; parental involvement; low middle income countries; caregiving; child discipline; child education
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Bizzego, A.; Lim, M.; Schiavon, G.; Esposito, G. Children with Developmental Disabilities in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: More Neglected and Physically Punished. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7009.

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