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Open AccessArticle

Correlates of Meeting the Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Sleep Guidelines for the Early Years among Belgian Preschool Children: The ToyBox-Study

1
Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
2
Research Foundation Flanders, 1000 Brussels, Belgium
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Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
4
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Physical Education, Sport Science and Dietetics, University of Thessaly, 42100 Trikala, Greece
5
School of Health Sciences & Education, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University, 17676 Athens, Greece
6
Department of Health and Community Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow G4 0BA, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(19), 7006; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197006
Received: 26 August 2020 / Revised: 18 September 2020 / Accepted: 21 September 2020 / Published: 24 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 24-Hour Movement Behaviours in Children)
Physical activity, sedentary behavior, and sleep guidelines for preschool children were already established and integrated into the 24 h movement behavior guidelines in 2017. The aim of the current study was to investigate correlates of meeting or not meeting the physical activity, sedentary behavior, and sleep guidelines in Belgian preschool children. In total, 595 preschool children (53.3% boys, 46.7% girls, mean age: 4.2 years) provided complete data for the three behaviors and potentially associated correlates. Physical activity was objectively measured with accelerometers. Screen time, sleep duration, and correlates were reported by parents with the use of a questionnaire. Backward logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with meeting all guidelines for weekdays and weekend days. In the final model, older preschoolers (OR = 1.89), having a normal weight compared to being underweight (OR = 0.30), having parents that do not watch a lot of television (OR = 0.99), and having a father that attained higher education (OR = 1.91) were associated with meeting all guidelines on weekdays. For weekend days, a significant association was found for attending a sports club (OR = 1.08). Overall, only a few factors were associated with meeting the guidelines. A more comprehensive measurement of preschool children’s potential correlates of physical activity, sedentary behavior, and sleep is warranted. View Full-Text
Keywords: correlates; preschoolers; 24 h movement behaviors; physical activity; screen time; sleep duration correlates; preschoolers; 24 h movement behaviors; physical activity; screen time; sleep duration
MDPI and ACS Style

De Craemer, M.; Verbestel, V.; Cardon, G.; Androutsos, O.; Manios, Y.; Chastin, S. Correlates of Meeting the Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Sleep Guidelines for the Early Years among Belgian Preschool Children: The ToyBox-Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7006.

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